Dental Health Care During Pregnancy
Oral health is an important part of overall health and also plays an important part in pregnancy care (before birth) of pregnant women.
The reason pregnant women are prone to dental disease
Usually pregnant women will encounter hormonal changes in the body plus disturbance in daily life habits, which makes pregnant women susceptible to dental problems such as tooth decay, periodontitis ...
The pH environment in the oral cavity will be changed, reducing the protective ability, which makes the teeth more susceptible to diseases.
Pregnant women eat more meals but the number of small mouths always exist acid leading to cavities
Increased female hormones during pregnancy are more likely to cause gingivitis than normal.
During pregnancy, the nature of saliva in the oral cavity is changed so that pregnant women always feel their mouth is sticky, this is also an environment that facilitates the growth of bacteria.
The effects of dental disease on pregnant women and their unborn babies
Pregnancy can increase your risk of dental health problems and these issues can affect pregnancy.
Increased risk of preterm birth
If women have gingivitis, periodontitis during pregnancy will increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth 2-3 times. Also prone to pre-eclampsia, a low birth weight baby.
It is caused by harmful bacteria that cause gingivitis, periodontitis to move from the oral cavity into the placenta, causing physiological concentrations in the amniotic fluid to increase, causing premature labor, premature birth and low birth weight.
Dental disease can affect the fetus
Increasing the risk of tooth decay from birth
The bacteria that cause tooth decay can be spread from the mouth of a mother or other people through kissing or fertilizing baby food. Then tooth decay bacteria will quickly grow in the mouth as soon as the teeth erupt
For babies with mothers with multiple tooth decay is also at risk of early tooth decay, so maintaining the oral hygiene of the mother during pregnancy will affect the baby later.
Note to protect oral health during pregnancy
Pregnant women should note methods to protect oral health during pregnancy.
Periodic dental check-ups during pregnancy
It is important to inform your dentist about your pregnancy so that you can arrange for examinations exclusively for pregnant women, not taking dental X-rays while pregnant because it will affect the unborn baby.
Absolutely not be arbitrarily used to treat oral disease without a doctor's prescription.
Maintain oral care habits
Pregnant women should maintain oral care habits such as brushing, flossing or rinsing with a separate mouthwash solution to best protect the mouth from harmful bacteria. Before using any oral care product, you should consult your dentist.
Pregnant women need to maintain the habit of dental care during pregnancy
Watch for abnormal oral symptoms
Typically, pregnancy gingivitis with manifestations such as red, painful gums occur from the 4th to 8th month and can last for many months after birth.
Pregnant women need to monitor dental status and go to the dentist as soon as possible for advice and treatment.
Nutrition helps children have healthy teeth
Minerals such as calcium, phosphorus .
.. are very important in the formation of baby teeth, so pregnant women should pay attention to the addition of foods containing these minerals, such as milk, crab, shrimp, black sesame, and white sesame. , fruit….
Dental treatment for pregnant women at Hopital General Hospital
Before and during pregnancy, you can visit and do oral care at the Faculty of Dentistry - Jaw - Face of Hopital General Hospital, where there will be experienced dentists visiting and treating. suitable and timely treatment for you.
Dental services from basic to intensive to prevent and treat oral problems for pregnant women are performed by the Hospital to ensure the highest quality and safety..
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