Dysentery: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Dysentery is an infection of the large intestine caused by Entamoeba histolyca or Shigella. Most infections are asymptomatic carriers, some manifesting as mild, persistent diarrhea, or exacerbated as acute dysentery.
Clinical manifestations of the gut are usually liver abscesses, which can rupture into the peritoneum, pleura, and pericardium.
Cause: It is caused by shigella bacteria that cause inflammation of the entire colon and rectum. The disease is usually transmitted through faeces. Family members are ill, do not wash their hands, take baby food or buy street food contaminated with shigella.
It is also possible that indoor dogs, cats, dog feces and cats also contain pathogenic bacteria. Children like to play with animals, touch their feathers, crawl to the floor and put their hands in their mouths… In the house there are flies, flies on human feces containing bacteria and then bu on food…
Symptom: The patient may have a low fever, may not but mainly abdominal cramps, straining

The stool was still loose, after mucus and blood, 5-10 times a day.


Dysentery: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


Abdominal pain is usually in the cecum (right iliac fossa, easily confused with appendicitis) along the colon frame (easily confused with stomach ulcers).
Bloody stools, sometimes alternating with loose stools, are not many, but defecate several times a day.
Straining: anal pain with an urgent feeling of urinating.
High fever if caused by shigella.
Treatment:
- Amibe killers:
Émétine: Because the drug is excreted slowly, the interval between two treatments is 45 days.
Metronnidazole: a drug that penetrates through the blood brain barrier well should be the drug of choice for the treatment of CNS lesions.
Dehydro-ététine: less toxic, faster elimination than émetine, the interval between two treatments is 15 days

- Types of dysentery caused by shigella pathogens: Ciprofloxacine, Péfloxacine, Ofloxacine, Bactrim.


Dysentery: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


Prevention of dysentery
- Wash your hands before eating, eating, drinking.
- Wash raw vegetables and food thoroughly.
- Cleaning manure, garbage, managing the use of fertilizers in agriculture. Especially, the collective living place and the people who serve, support and raise the children must be clean.
- Treatment of healthy people carrying cysts..

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