Eardrum Perforation Due To Otitis Media

Young children have the highest incidence of otitis media and the older they get, the less often it is caused by a better protected middle ear. For cases of otitis media not treated properly and promptly, complications of eardrum perforation are easy to see.
What is otitis media?
Acute otitis media (VTG) is an acute inflammation of the mucosa of the eardrum, ear canal, and mucous membrane lining the vapor cells of the mastoid bone.
Because the anatomical location of the ear, the mastoid bone is very close to the brain, the venous veins should easily cause serious complications leading to death. Hipocrat once said that "Acute ear pain accompanied by constant high fever is extremely dangerous because it can lead to coma and death."
Since antibiotic was first introduced and widely used for treatment, VTG and acute mastoid bone were effectively treated if treated promptly. Only patients who detect late, have complications or threaten complications need otitis surgery.
Who is prone to otitis media?
Acute VTG is often seen in children aged 1-2 years old, malnourished children, children with immunodeficiency after a number of diseases such as measles

.


Eardrum Perforation Due To Otitis Media

. are often susceptible to acute VTG.
Children from 6 months to 5 years old have 80% of cases. 30% can go away on their own. About 40% have recurrent middle ear infections.
The older the age of acute VTG decreases as the older the rate of acute upper respiratory tract infections, the lower the ear canal's function, the better protection of the middle ear, and the VA organization gradually shrinks less causing atrial fibrillation.
What causes middle ear infections?
Otitis media caused by local infections is mainly caused by VA, tonsillitis, nasopharyngitis, sinuses; clogged atrial fibrillation: due to tumors of the throat, sudden changes in pressure when flying, deep diving
.


Eardrum Perforation Due To Otitis Media

. an allergy condition that causes swelling of the tapus; cleft palate: studies of many authors indicate that> 50% of cleft palate patients suffer from acute VTG; due to common bacteria: staphylococcus (Streptococus pneumoniae) 30%, influenza virus (Hemophilus influenzae) 23% ..., Moraxella catarralis 14%.
Acute otitis media stage rupture of pus is a sign that the eardrum has perforation. Systemic symptoms and decreased body function, reduce fever, reduce crying, reduce diarrhea.
Examination of the outer ear canal with pus, punctured eardrum in the middle or anteriorly, the pus is initially thin, mucous, then thickens into a thick or white latex.


Eardrum Perforation Due To Otitis Media

If treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, good ear medicine, the disease will go away, the ear can heal.
If this stage is not treated or treated in time, the disease will turn to chronic VTG, or acute mastoiditis and may cause complications such as peripheral facial paralysis, atrial anesthetic, ringing in the ears, Meningitis ... common disease in young children due to lesions spread to stone joints.
Pus rupture is a sign of eardrum perforation due to otitis media
Cure otitis media in stages
Period of pus rupture: using antibiotics, anti-inflammatory or oral injection, sinus nasal medicine, daily ear medicine until the ear is dry, monitor children until the eardrum is completely healed.
The making of ear medications is important, ear drops need to be used as directed by a specialist, not arbitrarily used because some drugs used improperly can cause permanent deafness to recover. Absolutely avoid putting water in the ear.


Eardrum Perforation Due To Otitis Media


It should be noted that children who often have a green, dense nose, have their mouths open while sleeping, or have a fever and often have frequent relapses of VTG should have VA scrapes, tonsillectomy, sinus suction when needed, not just mere medical treatment.
Prevention: to prevent general otitis media, it is necessary to prevent the risks of acute upper respiratory tract infection such as rhinitis, VA, tonsillitis, sinusitis.
Families with young children need to create a healthy living environment for children, cigarette smoke is also a high risk factor for acute upper respiratory tract infection and thereby middle ear infections. Acute upper respiratory tract infections should be treated in health facilities.
When there are manifestations of the ear, it should be examined and monitored at the ENT specialist. Drops should be put into the ear and ear medicine must follow the instructions of the ear, nose and throat doctor, not to treat themselves..

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