Early Puberty In Girls: Causes And Precautions
Early puberty in children can be an alarming situation for parents, causing them to be confused and worried whether early puberty will affect the physical and mental development of children?
How is precocious puberty?
Early puberty is when a child's body begins to change to become an adult too early. Early puberty begins before age 8 in girls and before age 9 in boys.
Puberty involves rapid growth of bones and muscles, changes in body shape and size, and development of fertility.
Causes of precocious puberty in girls
The brain begins to produce a hormone called gonadotropin (GnRH). When this hormone reaches the pituitary gland (a small pea-shaped gland in the base of the brain) will lead to the production of many hormones in the female ovary (estrogen). Estrogen is involved in the growth and development of female sexual characteristics.
There are two typical types of central puberty and peripheral precocious puberty:
Early puberty central
The cause of this type of precocious puberty cannot usually be identified.
In central precocious puberty, the process of puberty begins too early
A tumor in the brain or spinal cord (central nervous system)
A defect in the brain at birth, such as excess fluid buildup (hydrocephalus) or a noncancerous tumor (hamartoma)
Radiation to the brain or spinal cord
Injury to the brain or spinal cord
McCune-Albright syndrome - a rare genetic disease that affects bones, skin color and causes hormonal problems
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - a group of genetic disorders associated with abnormal hormone production of the adrenal glands
Hypothyroidism - a condition in which the thyroid does not produce enough hormones
Peripheral early puberty
Peripheral precocious puberty is less common than central precocious puberty and without brain hormone (GnRH) involvement.
Instead, the cause is the release of estrogen into the body because of problems with the ovaries, adrenal glands or pituitary glands.
In both girls and boys, the following may lead to peripheral precocious puberty:
A tumor in the adrenal gland or in the pituitary gland that releases estrogen or testosterone
McCune-Albright syndrome, a rare genetic disorder that affects skin and bone color and causes hormonal problems
Exposure to external sources of estrogen or testosterone, such as cream or ointment
In girls, peripheral precocious puberty may also be associated with:
Factors that increase a child's risk of precocious puberty include:
Girls are more likely to develop puberty earlier than boys
Significant overweight infants are at a higher risk of developing precocious puberty.
Exposure to sex hormones: Exposure to creams or ointments that contain estrogen or other substances that contain these hormones (such as adult medications or supplements), may increase the risk of developing precocious puberty
Early puberty may be a complication of McCune-Albright syndrome or congenital adrenal hyperplasia - a condition related to the abnormal production of male hormones (androgens). In rare cases, early puberty may also be associated with hypothyroidism.
Has received radiotherapy of the central nervous system. Radiation treatment for tumors, leukemia or other conditions can increase the risk of early puberty.
The effect of early puberty on babies
Children with precocious puberty can grow faster and grow faster than their peers
This can cause a child to be taller as an adult.
Child psychology affected
Children will feel embarrassed, ashamed, and teased by their friends for changes in their body during puberty, leading to low self-esteem, depression and psychological consequences as children grow up.
Having sex early
Sexual desire may come earlier for precocious puberty due to premature physiological development. This can make children vulnerable to abusive objects, such as sexually transmitted diseases, early pregnancy, etc.
Academic results are affected
Children are easily neglected and neglected due to psychological changes during puberty. At this time, parents need to pay attention and encourage, timely encourage to follow the situation of the child.
Increased risk of polycystic ovary syndrome
If the menstrual cycle starts too early (before age 8) in girls will increase the risk of developing hormonal disorders and causing polycystic ovary syndrome in adulthood.
How to talk to children about precocious puberty?
Your baby may have lots of questions about what is happening to her body.
Classmates can say hurtful things to them. It is important that parents take the time to listen to their children's concerns and answer questions honestly.
Parents should explain that everyone experiences puberty in one. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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