The most common and correct seizure is the major epilepsy, the medical term is grand mal epilepsy. Patients with normal activities, may suddenly scream, by closing the vocal cords simultaneously with strong contraction of the muscles in the chest, then falling to the ground, stretching.
This stretching period lasts from a few seconds to 3 minutes, the patient stops breathing and cyanosis. When the stretching ends, the muscles in the body, including the face, jaws, and limbs begin to twitch. Twitching of the muscles in the jaw makes it possible for the patient to bite his own tongue
The patient sees saliva on the saliva, and blood in the saliva can be caused by the bite of the tongue. It is also possible to urinate in the pants, if immediately before the seizures the patient has not had a toilet.
We see rhythmic convulsions on both extremities, right and left, first twitching rapidly, then slowly slowing down and stopping
When awake, there may be confusion for a while, then you can sleep, then wake up completely, complain of headache, muscle pain and fatigue.
In a nutshell, a typical major seizure is a sudden loss of consciousness (unconsciousness), stiffening of the whole body, and convulsions (right-to-left balance) of all body muscles, over seizures are confusing or dozing off.
Usually, most seizures caused by a large seizure described above will go away on their own. While convulsing, there was no way of intervening to stop the attack immediately. Do not shout to hold on to someone who is sick because it could accidentally cause someone to have a broken bone or a wrong joint.
It is best to cover the sick person carefully if he or she is lying on a high place or close to a life-threatening location such as a deep pit or a lake, a fire or electrical outlet, close to the curb.
If the patient bites on the tongue, it is advisable to look for objects inserted between the teeth, preferably a spoon with a multi-layered cloth cover or a folded scouring towel
Should insert a side deviation between the jaws, do not put between the two incisors, nor insert too small objects have no effect, but even be inhaled deep into the throat due to convulsive respiratory muscles during unconscious bouts , causing airway obstruction.
To prevent the patient from inhaling back oral secretions into the lungs, the head should be turned to one side.
If the sick person has one seizure after another, halfway through the seizures that are unable to regain consciousness, then they are called a 'seizure state', or a 'continuous seizure'.
This is a life-threatening condition, requiring emergency medical attention immediately. While moving, be sure to insert your teeth and turn your head as described above.
To diagnose the disease when there is no seizure normally, the doctor will order an EEG. Epilepsy is considered a social disease, and so is drug subsidized.
In addition, pharmacies also sell other anti-epileptic drugs such as: Tégrétol, Dihydan, Depakine ..
. Which drugs and specific doses, often doctors must consider on each specific patient to prescribe prescription.
‘Seizures’ and pregnancy problems
Most women with epilepsy can get pregnant and have a favorable prognosis for pregnancy. However, it is important to know that the rate of stillbirths and malformations in mothers with epilepsy (6-7%) is much higher than in mothers without epilepsy (only 3-4%). .
In the anti-epileptic drugs also have a rate of fetal deformities such as: congenital heart defects, cleft lip and jaw, too small skulls ...
The more mothers have to use a combination of anti-epileptic drugs, the rate the higher your deformity is.
Taking Dihydan and Depakine is more at risk than taking Tégrétol. During pregnancy, the doctor will try to adjust the medication, so that the mother takes only 1 medicine is best.
To avoid a neural tube malformation, it is often recommended that mothers take folate supplements.
In advanced countries, when a woman with epilepsy is pregnant, if she is under 35 years of age it is recommended that a fetal ultrasound be performed using a high-resolution ultrasound machine, if she is over 35 years of age it is recommended to test for alpha - fetoprotein in blood.
How do seizures themselves affect the fetus? According to the doctors, if the mother sometimes has a seizure sometimes, then the fetus is usually fine.
But if the mother has epilepsy, it is extremely dangerous for both mother and child, and she needs to be rushed to hospital.
Whatever the cause, when an elderly person first has a seizure, a neurologist will need to be checked carefully, and possibly expensive but very valuable tests such as an electroencephalography Math (CT scan), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Some people with cardiovascular disease may have fainting, sometimes fainting and sometimes convulsions. Then the main treatment is again heart disease.
There are also people with postural hypotension: standing for long periods of time, fainting and fainting, often with little seizures. Lowering calcium in the blood causes fainting, convulsions in the hands, sometimes with convulsions, a disease commonly seen in women in situations where.
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