[face Score] 13 Common Obstetric Complications During Pregnancy And Childbirth

MSc Dinh Anh Tuan, Deputy Director of Maternal and Child Health Department (Ministry of Health) said: In Vietnam, nearly 800 mothers die each year from obstetric complications that can be prevented or treated. early treatment. In addition, nearly 2 million pregnant women each year are facing the range of dangers posed by complications of childbirth. In order to go through the 9 October 10-day journey safely and beyond the full-sized mother, mothers need to be alert for pregnancy complications that can occur suddenly at any stage, affecting the health of mother and fetus. Here are some of the dangerous complications at birth that need to know for effective control measures.
What is obstetric complications?
Obstetric complications are serious complications for mothers and infants, which can occur during pregnancy, during labor, during miscarriage or premature birth, even during the postpartum period (6 weeks). after birth).
Obstetric complications can occur at any time in pregnancy, which can be especially dangerous because they are unpredictable and life-threatening for both women and their babies

Any pregnant woman is at risk of facing obstetric complications.


[face Score] 13 Common Obstetric Complications During Pregnancy And Childbirth

Therefore, obstetric prophylaxis plays an important role to ensure the health of pregnant women and the fetus.
Causes of obstetric complications
There are many causes of obstetric complications, the most common of which are due to delays in antenatal care visits as well as the delayed detection of risks, which can be diagnosed and handled late by a doctor, and referral timely. Up to now, world medicine, even in advanced countries, has always encouraged pregnant women to regularly check and monitor their babies to early detect dangerous obstetric complications in order to have timely support measures.
Common obstetric complications
Disorders and pathologies in pregnancy that are classified as obstetric complications include:
Ectopic pregnancy
An ectopic pregnancy is a condition in which the fetus does not nest inside the uterus but is located outside. Implantable ectopic pregnancy sites include:
The fetus is located in the uterus. This is the most common case of ectopic pregnancy (accounting for 95%)
The fetus is located in the ovaries, cervix, abdomen, uterus.
Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy:
Amenorrhea: Menstruation is a sign that any pregnant woman has it
However, many women who have an ectopic pregnancy often have irregular periods so it is very difficult to recognize this sign.


[face Score] 13 Common Obstetric Complications During Pregnancy And Childbirth


Abnormal vaginal bleeding: If you notice some pink blood on your underwear that wasn't your period, you may be pregnant. However, in an ectopic pregnancy, this bleeding phenomenon lasts, the blood is dark red. Only a few cases of ectopic pregnancy have no signs of abnormal bleeding.
Many women mistakenly think this bleeding is menstruation, especially when bleeding coincides with the time of menstruation. It is important to distinguish carefully the color of the blood, control the amount of blood flow, the dilution and the concentration of blood are different from previous menstrual periods.
Abdominal pain: During an ectopic pregnancy, you will see abdominal pain at the site of the implant pregnancy, lower abdominal pain. Many people also experience abdominal pain like constipation. Persistent abdominal pain, dull, uncomfortable pain, sometimes severe pain with vaginal bleeding.


[face Score] 13 Common Obstetric Complications During Pregnancy And Childbirth

The degree of abdominal pain will increase over time as the ectopic pregnancy develops.
In the case of a broken sac, you will feel severe abdominal pain, persistent cramps, shoulder aches, sweating, limbs, dizziness, dizziness, shortness of breath, even fainting. Therefore, when you see the signs of ectopic pregnancy you need to immediately go to the hospital for examination and treatment by doctors. If left for a long time, the fetus develops gradually, the fetal sac will burst, which will cause the color of the abdomen to overflow, possibly causing infertility and danger of pregnant women.
Young placenta
Placental abruption is an obstetric emergency, progressing the disease very quickly causing death of the mother and child. This is a state of partial or complete abduction of the placenta before the birth of the fetus. Once the placenta has slipped off the wall of the uterus, the blood stream that nourishes the fetus will be cut off.
Common placenta placenta symptoms include:
The fetus has an abnormal fetal heart, which varies depending on the severity of the disease.


[face Score] 13 Common Obstetric Complications During Pregnancy And Childbirth


During a vaginal examination, the cervix is dilated thinly, the lower part of the uterus is swollen, and the amniotic fluid is pink.
Mom had sudden abdominal pain, often much pain. Initially, the mother may only have pain in the uterus but then spread throughout the abdomen, causing the abdomen to be hard like wood.
Mother had vaginal bleeding, usually thin blood without blood clots, dark. The amount of bleeding does not correspond to the actual amount of blood lost.
Mother has a head-on phenomenon.
The incidence of prematurity placenta in pregnancy ranges from 0.6-1%.


[face Score] 13 Common Obstetric Complications During Pregnancy And Childbirth

Premature placenta is the cause of 10-15% of deaths in the last 3 months of pregnancy.
Young placenta
Placenta praevia
Placenta praevia is a pathology of placenta in which placenta attaches at an abnormal position. In a normal pregnancy, the placenta attaches to the base of the uterus, either the front or the back. In case of placenta praevia, the placenta clings to the measurement.

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