Find Out How Colonoscopy Works?

The colon is a vulnerable organ of the digestive system with numerous diseases that can attack the body at any time. Any anomalous signs associated with digestive activity should be carefully checked for accurate results. There are many ways to support a doctor's diagnosis of colon-related illness. Among them, colonoscopy is the most commonly used method. So colonoscopy process like, does it cause any complications? The following article will provide you with the most necessary information about colonoscopy.
What is colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a procedure for diagnosis and treatment, with a soft tube measuring about 1.3cm in diameter; 1.7m long; The inside contains the light source and camera head of the video camera, which directs the images out

Through the image, the doctor will detect abnormalities happening inside the intestine so that the diagnosis and appropriate treatment can be done.


Find Out How Colonoscopy Works?

Colonoscopy is now considered one of the best screening tools for colorectal cancer.
Why must colonoscopy?
Every year, about 150,000 colorectal cancer cases are diagnosed and 50,000 die from this pathology in the United States.
Colonoscopy helps early detection of abnormal colon problems
Early colon cancer screening can prevent at least 30,000 deaths each year, of which colonoscopy is considered a method of diagnosis and support for treatment of diseases and early screening for cancer. the most effective today
In addition, the digestive tract is a difficult organ to diagnose pathologies. Modern methods such as ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are expensive but not worth diagnosing gastrointestinal disease.
Endoscopy helps find very small lesions that cannot be diagnosed by other methods. In addition, colonoscopy can be used to remove polyps (polyps are a common cause of bleeding when you have bowel movements and turn into cancer) or screen for early cancer

Thus, colonoscopy is mainly to find the cause of blood in the stool, diarrhea, abdominal pain, colitis or some abnormal symptoms in the colon.


Find Out How Colonoscopy Works?


Subjects must colonoscopy
Indication of colonoscopy is relatively widespread. Most patients with suspected gastrointestinal problems are indicated for colonoscopy, specifically:
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding.
There are inflammatory pathologies, ulcers, lower gastrointestinal tumors.
Unexplained symptoms: diarrhea, abdominal pain, etc.
Screening for cancer with high-risk subjects.
Abnormalities of the colon radiograph have not been determined.
Endoscopic treatment is indicated when:
Colonoscopy is done through colonoscopy.
Dilatation lesions of the colon, catheterization (due to malignancy, radiation, chronic inflammation .


Find Out How Colonoscopy Works?

..)
Hemostasis of some lesions such as vascular dysplasia, bleeding from the stem of the polyp after polypectomy ...
Get the lower gastrointestinal tract.
In case of colon dysfunction, chronic colitis, doctors can still appoint colonoscopy to make sure the cancer is excluded.
If you have frequent stomach aches, you should have a colonoscopy
Currently, due to the high rate of colon cancer in our country, all people over 45 years old should undergo cancer screening once every 1-3 years.


Find Out How Colonoscopy Works?

Older patients with high-risk factors, such as a history of polyps, a family history of colon cancer should have a colonoscopy once a year.
What does colonoscopy look like?
Before endoscopy
Before the colonoscopy, the doctor will conduct an anal exam to check for damage, then if there is no abnormal problem, the doctor will give the patient medicine to clean the intestines, which is convenient for the colonoscopy. Patients may receive additional sedative and analgesic.
Under the effect of the drug, the patient will feel less stressed and slightly sleepy. In case of colonoscopy with anesthesia, the patient is given anesthetic injection.
In endoscopy
The patient is instructed to lie on his left side, knees bent toward the front of the chest.
A small, soft endoscope with a camera attached to the head will be inserted into the patient's anus and inserted into the rectum and colon gently and slowly. The doctor also pumps air inward to stretch the colon, so that the camera can easily recognize the damage and transmit images to a computer for the doctor to observe.


Find Out How Colonoscopy Works?


During the colonoscopy, the patient may be asked to change positions several times so that the endoscope can be inserted completely into the inside of the colon and is less painful. When a biopsy is needed, the doctor will do it quickly during the procedure and the patient will not feel any pain.
The entire endoscopy process lasts from 7 to 10 minutes, faster if there is good cooperation of the patient. In some difficult cases, patients may be given additional medicine.

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