For Early Detection Of Birth Defects

According to the statistics of the Center for Prenatal Diagnosis, National Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the rate of fetal deformities in Vietnam is 3%, of which the most common is malformation in the nervous system, head - face - neck, chest - abdomen. Ultrasound is an effective and simple way to detect these defects.
During pregnancy, 3 ultrasounds are considered mandatory to determine whether pregnancy is normal or not, that is
12-14 weeks: At this time, ultrasound makes pregnancy calculations extremely accurate. In addition, this is also the only time to measure the brightness of the back of the neck to predict a number of dangerous chromosome abnormalities (causing down disease, cardiac deformity, limb, diaphragmatic hernia ...).
Beyond 14 weeks, this measurement will no longer be accurate

If the nape of the back of the neck increases, by the 18th week, the fetus will need amniocentesis to diagnose Down syndrome and morphological ultrasound to see if the deformity is present.


For Early Detection Of Birth Defects


21-24 weeks: Ultrasound can now detect most of the fetal morphological abnormalities such as cleft lip, cleft palate, deformities in organs, organs, hydrocephalus, kidney aplasia bilateral (kidney not developing), severe congenital heart ...
This ultrasound is important because these are cases in which pregnant women and families are often advised to terminate their pregnancy. After that time, if the fetus is stimulated, the fetus will be malformed and the prenatal diagnosis will not be meaningful.
30-32 weeks: This ultrasound helps to detect some morphological problems that occur late such as abnormalities in arteries, heart and a structural area of the brain. In addition, ultrasound at 30-32 weeks also helps identify slow development of the uterus - a cause of fetal distress and postpartum asphyxia

The risk of birth defects is increased if: The mother is over 35, the father is over 55 years old, the mother has been malformed, the mother is infected with the virus in the first 3 months of pregnancy, the parent is exposed to radiation, dioxin, toxic chemicals, a mother with a history of miscarriage or a family with a mental person, a malformation, a father or mother with birth defects or a history of diabetes, hypertension, chicken pox .


For Early Detection Of Birth Defects

..
Medical facilities specializing in obstetrics or large medical centers often have doctors who specialize in ultrasound to diagnose birth defects.
During pregnancy, pregnant women need to have regular exams and ultrasound in accordance with regulations to detect early fetuses with severe birth defects, genetic pathologies or intellectual disabilities: down syndrome, diseases anemia ... to have a reasonable solution.
In addition, the early diagnosis of defects that can be repaired after birth such as cleft lip, limb limbs .


For Early Detection Of Birth Defects

.. also helps parents to be better mentally prepared when giving birth..

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