Gallbladder Cholesterol Stones: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment
Gallbladder cholesterol stones account for about 10% of people with gallbladder stones in general and most are found when it is too late, resulting in gallbladder removal.
Cholesterol gallstones is what disease?
Gallbladder cholesterol stones are one of the most common types of gallstones that occur most often in the gallbladder. It is formed due to the super-saturation of bile with cholesterol content> 50%.
Cholesterol stones have 2 types:
Pure cholesterol stones
This type of stone is very hard, large in size, often spherical, yellow crystal structure and quite rare.
Mixed cholesterol stones
The gravel consists mainly of cholesterol along with bilirubin and calcium salts. This gravel is small in size, very numerous in number.
Illustration of gallbladder cholesterol stones
Causes of gallbladder cholesterol stones
Bile is produced by the liver with the appropriate concentration of ingredients. But once, bile secretion is not enough to dissolve other substances, it is easy to lead to gallstones such as bilirubun or cholesterol
Gallbladder cholesterol stones are formed because bile contains too much cholesterol.
Normally, bile contains enough chemicals to dissolve cholesterol excreted in the liver. But if the liver excretes more cholesterol than soluble bile, excess cholesterol can form crystals and eventually form stones.
If the gallbladder is often full, the bile becomes concentrated with a high cholesterol level longer than normal, which is also part of the formation of cholesterl stones.
Subjects at high risk for gallbladder cholesterol stones
Factors that may increase the risk of gallstones in general and gallbladder cholesterol stones include:
Women have higher cholesterol stones than men;
People from 40 years and older;
People who are overweight or obese;
Eat a high-fat diet;
Eat a diet high in cholesterol;
Eat a diet low in fiber;
Family history of gallstones, cholesterol stones;
There are some blood disorders, such as sickle cell anemia or leukemia;
Lose weight very quickly;
Take medications that contain estrogen, such as birth control pills or hormone therapy;
Have liver disease
Obese people are at high risk of developing gallbladder cholesterol stones
Symptoms of gallstones cholesterol stones
People with gallstones or cholesterol stones in particular often do not have symptoms if small stones, few stones or stones have not affected the bile circulation. Most of them were discovered during the physical examination, assessment of digestive function - liver, bile.
Once the stones are large, many obstructing the bile ducts or obstructing the gallbladder contraction causing the following symptoms:
Sudden and rapid pain in the upper right part of the abdomen;
The pain is sudden and rapidly increasing in the center of the abdomen, just below the breastbone;
Back pain between the shoulder blades;
Pain in the right shoulder;
Nausea or vomiting;
Gallstone pain can last from a few minutes to several hours, intense pain or not.
If the patient combines the following serious symptoms, immediate medical assistance is required:
Abdominal pain so severe that it is impossible to sit still;
Jaundice and white eyes;
High fever and chills
Complications of gallbladder cholesterol stones
Complications of gallstones may include:
Cholesterol stones fill the gallbladder with stagnant water, which does not circulate or rub against the walls of the gallbladder during contractions that cause inflammation of the gallbladder
Obstruction of the bile duct
Cholesterl stones block the bile ducts from the liver to the gallbladder or from the gallbladder to the small intestine causing obstruction leading to inflammation, bile duct infection, manifested by pain, jaundice.
Obstruction of the pancreatic duct
The pancreas secretes pancreatic fluid, which runs from the pancreas and connects to the bile duct just before entering the duodenum. Pancreatic juice helps support digestion.
Gallstones that obstruct the pancreatic duct can lead to pancreatitis causing severe abdominal pain, requiring constant emergency care.
People with a history of gallstones are at risk for gallbladder cancer. But gallbladder cancer is also rare.
Gallstones can turn into very dangerous gallbladder cancer
How to diagnose gallbladder cholesterol stones?
The following methods are available to diagnose kidney stones:
This is one of the most common methods used to look for signs of gallstones.
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)
This method can help identify smaller stones that may be missed on conventional ultrasound.
Endoscopic ultrasound is done through an endoscope through the mouth and gastrointestinal tract.
Imaging diagnosis by imetic Zodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan;
Computerized tomography (CT);
Magnetic resonance biliary imaging (MRCP);
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopathy (ERCP);
Blood tests may show infection, jaundice, pancreatitis or other complications of gallstones.
Methods of treatment of gallbladder cholesterol stones
Most people with gallstones do not cause symptoms that do not require treatment.
If gallstone symptoms occur, depending on the symptoms and severity of the disease, your doctor may recommend methods:
Internally medical treatment
Oral medications can help dissolve small gallstones but may take months or years of treatment to dissolve the gallstones and th. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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