Gallstones In The Liver: Causes, Symptoms, Methods Of Treatment And Prevention

In liver diseases, gallstones in the liver are considered as a complex disease, causing many dangerous complications for human health. However, not all patients understand the disease. All information about gallstones in the liver will be provided in the following article.
What is gallstones in the liver?
Gallstones in the liver, also known as liver stones, are small, large, or muddy stones that appear in the bile ducts, gallbladder, right livers, left livers. The main structure of these stones is bilirubin. The main cause of gallstones in the liver is a biliary infection when bacteria are attacked.
This pathology is quite common in Asia, including Vietnam. The incidence of gallstones in the liver in Asia is currently the world leader

In Vietnam, according to statistics, the incidence of this pathology is quite high, accounting for 15-30% of cases of biliary tract stones.


Gallstones In The Liver: Causes, Symptoms, Methods Of Treatment And Prevention


Gallstones in the liver is a quite complex disease of the liver-bile system, if not detected, treated early, the disease will progress to more severe and dangerous complications, resulting in sepsis, cirrhosis, hepatitis , even worse than biliary tract cancer.
Gallstones in the liver are a fairly common disease in Asia
The cause of liver stones
Gravel in the liver is a pigment stone, with the main component is bilirubin, in the form of tablets or mud, often yellow-green color, found in the bile path in the left liver, right liver and clustered or scattered. in the biliary tract deep in the liver parenchyma. The disease is caused by several reasons:
- The main cause of liver stones is a bile infection. Parasites, intestinal helminths, which enter the bile ducts, carry bacteria that change the ability to dissolve bilirubin in bile fluid, which combines with eggs and worms to form stones.
- Another cause is cholestasis in the liver in people with congenital biliary atrophy or biliary tract tumors, or in hemolytic patients, destroyed red blood cells release large amounts of libirubin.
- In addition, this disease has a few less common causes, related to liver dysfunction such as cirrhosis, hepatitis A, B, C virus, drug-induced hepatitis
.


Gallstones In The Liver: Causes, Symptoms, Methods Of Treatment And Prevention

. causing components in the epidemic. Unbalanced bile.
- People who are obese and lazy to exercise, leading to reduction of biliary tract movement are also one of the causes of the above disease.
Is gallstones in the liver dangerous?
As mentioned above, gallstones in the liver is a dangerous disease, causing many complications, affecting human health. Gallstones in the liver if not detected early, timely treatment will cause complications such as:
- Hepatitis: bile accumulation, stagnation for a long time will be an appropriate environment for bacteria to grow, attack the liver, cause elevated liver enzymes, increase the risk of hepatitis. On the other hand, they can form purulent foci, leading to the formation of liver abscesses, hepatitis.
- Cirrhosis is an advanced stage when the liver is infected, liver cells are destroyed, liver tissue is also damaged and irreversible, leading to gradual deterioration of liver function and liver fibrosis.


Gallstones In The Liver: Causes, Symptoms, Methods Of Treatment And Prevention


Gallstones in the liver if left untreated can cause cirrhosis, hepatitis
- Cholangitis: This is a common complication of liver stones, the disease often recurs many times, causing fibrosis and narrowing of the biliary tract, liver abscess, secondary biliary cirrhosis, leading to sepsis and liver failure. .
- Cholangiocarcinoma: This is considered the most dangerous complication of gallstones in the liver, but the incidence is not high, accounting for about 3-10%. The time of detection of biliary tract cancer means that the disease was discovered late and the condition is very serious so it is very difficult to cure. Patients usually live only a few months to about 1.2 years after the onset of the disease.
- Blood infections: This is a particularly dangerous complication, causing high fever, chills, dizziness, severe biliary obstruction, hemodynamic disorders ..


Gallstones In The Liver: Causes, Symptoms, Methods Of Treatment And Prevention

. Patients with sepsis must be emergency immediately or they will be threatened network.
Thus, with the aforementioned complications, it can be confirmed that gallstones in the liver are very dangerous, adversely affecting human health. So patients need to be examined, detected early, diagnosed and treated aggressively to avoid life-threatening complications.
Symptoms identify people with gallstones in the liver
It is easy to see symptoms of gallstones in the liver. In the early stages, the gravel particles are small in size so the patient feels bloated, slowly digests food. At the next stage, the size of the gravel grows, causing compression in the liver. At this time the patient will clearly feel the symptoms of the disease, such as:
- Abdominal cramps (type of cramps): pain often occurs after a fatty meal or night pain (range from 22h to 24h).


Gallstones In The Liver: Causes, Symptoms, Methods Of Treatment And Prevention

The location of pain in the lower right flank, type of cramping, severe and sudden pain, may spread to the right shoulder. When pain accompanied by vomiting, do not dare to breathe strongly. Duration of pain lasts from 15 minutes to several hours and is cyclical.
- Fever: Symptoms of fever are often related to cholangitis, gallbladder. People with high fever suddenly, can chill with sweating. The fever lasts several hours.

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