Glomerulonephritis And Other Types Of Glomerulonephritis Are Common
Glomerulonephritis (VCT) is a disease characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli and small blood vessels in the kidney. The disease may appear independently or in combination with nephrotic syndrome. The disease is classified into many different forms, divided into groups according to the degree of progression.
Diagnosis of VCT is important because the results and treatments vary among different types. Primary VCT is caused by intrinsic damage of the kidneys, while secondary VCT is associated with a number of bacterial (viral, viral or parasitic) diseases, drugs, and systemic diseases (lupus erythematosus, vasculitis ) or diabetes
What are the typical symptoms?
The symptoms of VCT depend on the type of disease and whether it is acute or chronic. General symptoms may include: dark, frothy urine (due to excess protein); hypertension; edema; fatigue, anemia; urinating less than usual.
Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the glomeruli and small blood vessels in the kidney
Classification of the disease
There are many classifications, but the classification according to the way the disease progresses is widely used
Glomerular basilar membrane disease: A dominant genetic disease with clinical manifestations of persistent gross haematuria.
Glomerulonephritis develops slowly: Glomerulonephritis has minimal damage: this disease accounts for up to 80% of nephrotic syndrome in children, but it only accounts for 20% of cases in adults.
Peripheral glomerular sclerosis, episodic, also called glomerulonephritis: may be primary or secondary in conditions such as retrograde glomerulonephritis (caused by infection in the urinary tract), Alport syndrome (glomerulonephritis kidney, auditory, visual damage), heroin abuse, HIV. Manifested as a nephrotic syndrome with varying degrees of kidney failure, sclerosis occurs only in certain locations.
Membranous glomerulonephritis: A common problem in adults. Clinical manifestations are a symptomatic combination of both glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome. Usually idiopathic but can also be associated with a number of diseases such as hepatitis, malaria, lung and bowel cancer, lupus erythematosus.
Some other diseases that cause kidney damage: Hypertension, diabetic kidney disease
Glomerular disease progresses rapidly: Histologically, this group of diseases is characterized by a rapid increase in the number of cells in glomeruli.
The process of end-stage renal failure also occurs quickly over a period of weeks to months depending on the type.
IgA kidney disease: This is the leading cause of glomerulonephritis in adults, more men than women. Characteristic of this disease is the frequent occurrence of red blood cells in the urine.
Symptoms usually appear within 24 - 48 hours after a respiratory or digestive tract infection. Direct damage to the glomeruli is due to IgA deposition on the basement membrane.
Post-infectious glomerulonephritis: Can occur with a variety of infections, but the most common cause is after group D streptococcal infection, especially Streptoccocus pyogenes. The disease appears after respiratory infections, skin infections about 10-14 days.
Membrane proliferative glomerulonephritis / glomerular proliferative glomerulonephritis: The disease may be primary or secondary to lupus erythematosus, viral hepatitis. Manifested by nephrotic state - nephritis and progression to end-stage renal failure is inevitable.
Glomerulonephritis develops rapidly: The disease progresses rapidly to end-stage renal failure within a few weeks. These include the following: Sickle cell glomerulonephritis (Glomerular injury in combination with interstitial nephritis. The disease occurs after bacterial endocarditis.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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