Hand Tremor In The Elderly
Hand tremor is a common disease in the elderly. Let's find out the following information to better understand this disease.
Factors hindering living
Hand tremor is a condition in which involuntary, spontaneous movements occur, which are encountered in the hands or in any part of the body's muscular system, tremor at rest but sometimes tremors at movement.
These tremor movements have very different intensities and amplitudes. Can tremble loudly to shake the body but sometimes only small quick movements only.
This is a common disease in the elderly. Starting from the age of 45, hand tremor is more likely to occur and the risk is even higher as age increases causing movement difficulties.
Shaky hands is not a dangerous health event
The patient has trouble talking, personal hygiene, when walking. Only in severe cases can a person suffer an accidental injury or lose a balance.
Causes of hand tremor
The cause of tremor in the elderly in specific cases has been well known. But in most cases, the exact cause of this condition is still a question. Usually people often shake their hands in the following three cases:
- Benign tremor is a type of tremor that occurs when moving and goes away at rest. However, it is more annoying in life because it is difficult for the elderly to perform the most simple movements such as drinking tea. Patients can hardly hold a cup of tea as usual
Other manifestations associated with hand tremor include nodding, trembling of the lips and tongue trembling.
The tremor may be asymmetric, meaning that one side is shaking but the other side is completely normal.
Benign hand tremor is common in people over 80 years old, about 10-20% of the population has this disease. Up to half of the cases have a family history, the remaining people have not determined the cause.
These types of tremor respond quite well to treatment with beta blockers or gabapentin, primidone, but these are not long-term treatments. Benign tremors are common tremors in the elderly.
- Parkinson's tremor: Parkinson's disease is a disease caused by a deficiency of neuropathic intermediates dopamine in the central nervous system.
We can easily recognize the disease by some signs such as stiffness, difficulty moving, hands turning, not holding posture. The patient has a characteristic jerky and rigid gait.
The most difference is that Parkinson's tremor appears even when resting. That's why we can see the sick person's hands trembling even when we are talking. Initially, there were sporadic tremors, but later, these episodes were faster and we had the impression that the patient was constantly shivering.
People with Parkinson's disease may experience memory and hallucinations. Treatment of the disease has been successful with the appearance of agonists of dopamine.
However, great attention should be paid to the treatment process because of the side effects caused by psychosis or extrapyramidal system of these drugs.
- tremor due to impaired brain function: tremor in this case is often due to impaired brain function, which causes dyskinesia. Tremors appear when the elderly focus attention, the more they pay attention to tremble.
Associated with this condition is a phenomenon of cerebral atherosclerosis with severe cerebral blood flow reduction. May also occur in cases of alcoholism, excessive intake of phenytoin-type antiepileptic drugs, parathyroid syndrome or secondary pathological brain atrophy.
What is the backup?
Some cases of hand tremor are caused by previous illnesses in another organ. In these cases, the treatment of pathological causes that play a role is considered appropriate measures.
However, most hand tremors are caused by neuromuscular disorders as we age. Therefore, we need to take steps to reduce the speed of neurological disorders in the elderly more strategically in dealing with this disease.
These measures work to prevent hand tremor
- Limit alcohol and beer. Alcohol increases the rate of neurological decline, causing severe vitamin B1 deficiency during heavy addiction.
Alcohol increases neuromuscular coordination during exercise, aggravating the degree of tremor when sick.
- Actively use fruits and vegetables in your diet. Especially the dark green fruits and vegetables such as vegetables, cauliflower, cauliflower, cabbage, chayote, chrysanthemum, colorful fruits and vegetables such as gac, pumpkin, orange, carrots ... because they are a source of natural antioxidants that are thought to slow down the decline of the control brain. Rich in vitamin E, lychee, papaya, peach, and pear are recommended to limit the progression of the disease.
- Promptly notify the doctor of events due to side effects of shaky hands during the treatment of another disease.
People who are taking lithium antidepressants, pheny-type antiepileptic drugs.
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