High Blood Pressure Medication Used For Pregnant Women
High blood pressure in pregnant women will affect the development of the fetus and the health of the pregnant woman. In severe cases, can be fatal for both mother and baby.
Types of hypertension during pregnancy
In pregnant women when hypertension is mainly due to poor blood transfusion, the fetus is underdeveloped, underweight, malnourished and can lead to premature birth.
During a routine pregnancy check-up, your doctor will measure your blood pressure. If blood pressure is measured to exceed 130 / 80mm Hg (systolic / diastolic blood pressure), it is considered a high blood pressure.
High blood pressure can appear before pregnancy or occur during pregnancy. Therefore, hypertension in pregnant women can be divided into the following groups:
Chronic hypertension: A state of chronic hypertension that occurred before pregnancy or occurred before the 20th week of pregnancy. But because high blood pressure often doesn't have too many symptoms, it's hard to know when to start and sometimes only known when it's routine check-ups
Hypertension in pregnancy: This condition usually occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy but there are no manifestations of pre-eclampsia.
If a pregnant woman has this disease, don't worry too much because her blood pressure will return to normal after having the baby.
Pre-eclampsia: This is considered a dangerous condition that can be life-threatening for both mother and baby with manifestations: hypertension, edema, proteinuria. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy.
High blood pressure can appear before pregnancy or occur during pregnancy
If not treated in time, pre-eclampsia will turn into eclampsia: pregnant women will go into coma due to progressive toxicosis, causing complications in the brain (headache, convulsions), in the eyes ( blurred vision), liver (abdominal pain) ... and can lead to death
Previously, pre-eclampsia was only diagnosed if a pregnant woman had high blood pressure and protein in the urine.
However, experts have now identified women as having pre-eclampsia even without protein in their urine.
The cause of high blood pressure in pregnant women
There are several possible causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy, including:
Being overweight or obese
Inactive physical activity
Habits of smoking and drinking
First-time pregnant woman
Family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
Double or multiple pregnancy
Pregnancy at advanced age (over 35)
Application of assisted reproductive methods
How does high blood pressure affect the mother and the fetus?
Women who have high blood pressure during pregnancy have many different risks. Inside:
Decreased blood flow to the placenta: If the placenta does not receive enough blood, the baby may receive less oxygen and nutrients. This can lead to slow growth, low birth weight or premature birth. Preterm birth can lead to breathing problems, an increased risk of infection and other complications for the baby.
Premature placenta: Pre-eclampsia increases the risk of the placenta being separated from the inner wall of the uterus before birth, which is more dangerous and can cause severe and life-threatening bleeding for both mother and baby.
Babies develop slowly: Hypertension can lead to slow growth or decrease the baby's development.
Injury to maternal organs: High blood pressure can also cause damage to other organs of the mother's body.
If left unchecked, this can lead to brain, heart, lung, kidney, liver and other organ damage. In severe cases, it can be life-threatening.
Preterm labor: Sometimes premature birth is necessary to prevent complications of high blood pressure, which is potentially life-threatening for women.
Risk of cardiovascular disease in the future: Pregnant women with pre-eclampsia may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in the future. The incidence is higher if the woman has multiple pre-eclampsia or gives birth prematurely due to high blood pressure.
Women who have high blood pressure during pregnancy have many different risks
Can pregnant women use medicine to treat high blood pressure?
Although taking medication during pregnancy can bring unforeseen complications to the health of the pregnant woman and the fetus, in cases of hypertension, the doctor may consider choosing a few. medicine to treat. The most important thing is that pregnant women must strictly follow the doctor's instructions and do not arbitrarily use the medicine if they do not want to risk unfortunate risks.
High blood pressure medications are used
The following high blood pressure drugs are the first choice drugs in the treatment of hypertension for PNCT, because these drugs are safe, do not cause harm to the fetus and pregnant women.
- Methyldopa (aldomet): high blood pressure medication acting on the central nervous system; is indicated for the treatment of hypertension and hypertension in pregnant women. The drug is usually in tablet form with a content of 250mg or 500mg.
- Labetalol (trandate): high medicine. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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