High Liver Enzymes In Children: Causes And Precautions
Increased liver enzymes are becoming common not only in adults but also in children. Notably, this situation is tending to increase in number. However, many parents are still subjective, unaware of the causes, symptoms and ways to prevent their children.
What is elevated liver enzymes?
Liver enzymes are an enzyme that is produced when a liver cell dies due to aging. A liver enzyme is released at concentrations below 40 U / L. If this index is higher than 40 U / L, it means that liver enzymes increase. Increased liver enzymes reflect the condition of the liver being damaged and can lead to dangerous diseases such as cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, liver cancer, .
Symptoms of elevated liver enzymes in children
In the early stages, people with elevated liver enzymes often have no obvious symptoms. However, early detection will greatly help the treatment process. Therefore, parents should not be subjective if the child has the following abnormal symptoms:
Jaundice: If a parent discovers that his / her child has jaundice accompanied by mucous membranes in the mouth, it is likely that the child will be suffering from elevated liver enzymes.
Besides, if the family, especially the parent has liver and bile diseases, it should be more attention. Before and during pregnancy, as well as when the baby is born, parents should go to the hospital to see and see the doctor for helpful advice, helping the baby to be born safe and healthy.
Pale yellow stools: Normally, digestive juices are screened into the intestine by the liver. But when the liver is damaged leading to elevated liver enzymes, these fluids go back into the bloodstream, causing bloating, discomfort, and pale stools
Skin itching: When the liver is overworked, liver function is disturbed, toxins are not excreted outside.
These toxins will spread through the stomach causing general itching or itching in an area of the body depending on the severity or mild illness.
Edema: This is a typical symptom of elevated liver enzymes. The toxins are not screened and excreted outside will cause edema, especially in the eyes of the feet and feet.
Other symptoms: In addition to the above symptoms, children may also have nausea, abdominal pain, fatigue, weakness if liver enzymes increase. Parents should take the child to the hospital as soon as these symptoms occur because the condition is likely to be already severe.
Itchy rash is a symptom of elevated liver enzymes
Causes of elevated liver enzymes in children
Today, elevated liver enzymes are increasing both in number and age. Not only do adults worry about elevated liver enzymes, children today may well be subject to the disease.
If the cause of liver enzyme elevation in adults is due to eating, living habits and some pathological conditions, in children, the main cause is congenital, metabolic disorder, or inherited from mother to child at pregnant.
Children with elevated liver enzymes may be congenital or inherited if the family, especially parents with elevated liver enzymes or liver diseases such as hepatitis, fatty liver.
In polluted environments where food is contaminated with toxic chemicals, the liver will have to work harder to flush toxins out of the body. This will cause elevated liver enzymes due to overwork.
If a mother has hepatitis A, B or C during pregnancy it is very easy to pass hepatitis on to the fetus and the baby who is not vaccinated in time will get hepatitis from the mother. Hepatitis A, B, C all lead to increased liver enzymes.
Therefore, if a mother has hepatitis A, B or C during pregnancy, she should have regular and regular prenatal check-up so that she can advise her on how to prevent getting infected to the fetus. After birth, babies should be vaccinated within 24 hours after birth to avoid the risk of mother-to-child hepatitis.
Some antibiotics have side effects that affect the liver, causing liver enzymes to rise above normal levels.
Children who eat a lot of protein and fat are very susceptible to obesity leading to fatty liver, elevated liver enzymes.
In formula milk lacks antitrypsin, so the liver cannot metabolize all the substances in milk, endangering the child's liver.
Drug abuse is a cause of elevated liver enzymes in children
Complications when children have high liver enzymes
The symptoms when children with elevated liver enzymes mentioned above tend to worsen at night, making them uncomfortable and seriously affecting their lives. If the disease is prolonged without timely treatment, the child will be at risk of liver failure, even liver cancer in adulthood.
Diet when children have high liver enzymes
For healthy children, food is a source of nutrition that helps children grow. For children with elevated liver enzymes, foods not only provide nutrients that nourish the body but also medicines if used properly. It is especially important if your child has mildly elevated liver enzymes.
Foods that mothers should feed their children:
Foods rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, and B6 are found in fresh vegetables, bean sprouts, peanuts, peanuts, soy beans, eggs, animal liver, carrots, chives, egg yolks;
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