How Dangerous Is Fetal Malnutrition?

Pregnancy is a very important period in a woman's life. Along with that is a lot of small worries about your baby's health. And one of the risks is fetal malnutrition. So what is the cause?
During pregnancy, if the mother does not eat enough, work and rest unreasonably or gets sick, she will cause fetal malnutrition leading to the birth of low birth weight babies. , the length is shorter than normal, affecting the physical and mental development of children.
What is fetal malnutrition?
Fetal malnutrition (SDDBT) is the earliest form of malnutrition. Babies born underweight if term (<2.5kg)

Malnutrition occurs in the last 3 months of pregnancy, making the brain less developed in the future, the child will be less intelligent, the relationship between fetal malnutrition and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease; metabolic disease; blood disease; birth defects.

How Dangerous Is Fetal Malnutrition?


Fetal malnutrition is divided into 3 levels:
- Mild level: Children have a normal length, only weigh less than the fetus of the corresponding gestational age.
- Average level: The child's weight and length are lower than the normal index, but the first round is still normal.
- Severity: The first round, weight and length of children are lower than normal.
Fetal malnutrition is an underdeveloped fetus, born less than 2.5 kg despite the term
Causes of fetal malnutrition
There are 4 factors that greatly affect fetal development, affecting the child's future health. That is:
The age of the mother
The bodies of women aged 30 and over begin to show signs of aging and aging. The mother will not give the fetus adequate nutrition as when they were young
Therefore, experts encourage women to give birth between the ages of 25 and 30.


How Dangerous Is Fetal Malnutrition?


The age of the mother not only affects the height of the child but also has a high risk of giving birth to abnormal children, congenital malformations, typically Down syndrome, congenital heart, cleft palate, cleft lip ... Therefore, late childbirth will not be safe and women need to limit this.
The health of the mother
The health of the mother plays an important and decisive role in the health of the child. A healthy mother will often give birth to healthy children and vice versa.
If, during pregnancy, a mother becomes ill with influenza, typhus or other acute infections, it is easy to give birth to children with birth defects. Therefore, if the mother is suffering from chronic diseases such as malaria, hepatitis, rheumatism, kidney edema, please cure the disease before becoming pregnant to give birth to the healthiest child.


How Dangerous Is Fetal Malnutrition?


In particular, there are diseases transmitted from mother to child such as syphilis, AIDS, so mothers need to have a medical examination before becoming pregnant. If it is really safe, give birth to a baby to have a healthy and happy life.
Maternal Nutrition
Nutrition in the mother's body follows the blood across the placenta to nourish the fetus. So that diet during pregnancy not only needs the quantity, but also the necessary nutrients. Therefore, mothers need to eat enough flour, protein, including meat, eggs, beans, shrimp, fish ... These substances will build organ organizations for children such as the central nervous system, heart , liver, lungs, digestive tract, respiratory, circulatory and urinary .


How Dangerous Is Fetal Malnutrition?

..
In addition, pregnant women should eat more green vegetables and fruits, because there will be many minerals such as iron, copper, zinc, calcium, phosphorus as well as vitamins. Without them, anemia, rickets, blindness due to vitamin A deficiency ...
During pregnancy, pregnant women need to provide enough nutrition for their babies to grow well
The placenta is poorly developed
The placenta is an intermediary that helps to transmit nutrition, oxygen and blood from the mother to the fetus. In addition, the placenta has the function of controlling hormone transport to the fetus.


How Dangerous Is Fetal Malnutrition?

If the placenta is small, the metabolic products will be less, the fetus will not be provided with the necessary life sources, leading to stunting and underdevelopment.
This can also be the reason why many pregnant women eat a nutritious diet and gain a lot of weight in pregnancy but give birth to a malnourished baby right from the womb.
Early calcium supplementation
Many pregnant women believe that calcium supplements need early to help form strong bones for the fetus. However, this is not good. The calcium supplement too early will cause excess calcium because the baby is not absorbed at the beginning.
Calcium will be deposited in the vegetable cake, making the quality of pregnant vegetables decrease, the metabolism between mother and fetus thus decreases. The fetus does not receive enough nutrients to develop, resulting in stunting and malnutrition.
Working conditions of the mother during pregnancy
Normally we have to consume energy, the heavier the labor, the more energy we consume.


How Dangerous Is Fetal Malnutrition?

When pregnant, in addition to the energy consumed by labor, the mother must spend a significant part of her energy on fetal development and reserve for milk production to breastfeed later.
Therefore, the mother works hard during pregnancy, she will not have enough energy to help the fetus grow up and.

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