How Does Chickenpox Affect Pregnancy?
During pregnancy, a pregnant woman with chickenpox will lead to many complications that seriously affect the health of both mother and fetus. Therefore, effective prevention and treatment are measures that need to be taken immediately to protect the health of both mother and child.
What is chickenpox?
Chickenpox, known to us as chickenpox (in the North), chickenpox (in the South), is a disease spread by the respiratory tract or by direct contact with. Varicella zoster virus.
The disease can occur anywhere, on any object. However, the incidence is often high in urban areas, where densely populated, especially during seasons. The most infected age is 2-7 years old, most of them have not been vaccinated against chickenpox; rarely seen in children under 6 months. Adults are also expensive
Chickenpox can affect the fetus
Symptoms of chickenpox
Chickenpox has an incubation period of about 14-15 days.
After this stage, the disease will develop pronounced symptoms.
The first manifestation of the disease is blisters on the surface of the skin and mucous membranes. The nodules are juicy and cause irritation throughout the body. In addition, patients have symptoms such as high fever, weakness and fatigue.
The initial chicken pox is like a rash. They grow very sparse and often grow in waves. Therefore, in the same skin area, we will see many chicken pox of different sizes, big, small, red, crusted notes
In case of chickenpox nodules are infected with bacteria, they will cause pus, swollen and very itchy.
If scratching will scratch the skin and easy to leave deep scars.
In general, when detected early and treated promptly, the disease usually progresses benign: the beans are sparse, the child's health is not changed. By the 4th or 6th day, the peas are crusted, the scales are dark brown. A week after desquamation and leave no scars. Cured.
In severe cases, the beans grow thicker, to more than a thousand notes; the beans grow in the mucous membranes of the mouth, conjunctiva of the eye and then rupture immediately. Adults also suffer, often severe illness: patients often have a high fever of 39-40oC, some people are restless, delirious; thicker burns may be bloody.
The incidence of chickenpox during pregnancy
According to epidemiological research, in the UK and US, the incidence of chickenpox in pregnancy is about 3/1000.
In the US, there are at least 3 million women a year, so there are about 9000 cases of chickenpox women each year.
At Tu Du Hospital, more than 70,000 cases of antenatal care visits annually, including a small number of pregnant women with chickenpox. Particularly in the first 2 months of 2009, there were 11 pregnant women with chickenpox.
According to various studies, the incidence of primary chickenpox (first disease) in pregnancy is about 5 / 10,000 - 7 / 10,000, because most women have had the disease when they were young or were previous immunization.
How does chickenpox affect pregnancy?
Chickenpox is a disease that is not too dangerous, but for pregnant women, it is a big concern for mothers during pregnancy because it can lead to dangerous complications for both mother and fetus.
Pregnant women infected with chickenpox are at risk of pneumonia due to varicella virus 10 - 20%, among people pneumonia due to this virus the risk of death up to 40%. The death rate among pregnant women with chickenpox is the highest among adults infected with the disease.
For women who have primary chickenpox during pregnancy, the impact of the disease on the fetus depends on the stage of gestation:
Chicken pregnant with chickenpox can threaten the health of the fetus
In the first 3 months, especially weeks 8 to 12 of pregnancy, the risk of unborn baby having congenital chickenpox syndrome is 0.
4%. The most common manifestation of congenital chickenpox syndrome is scarring of the skin. Other abnormalities that can occur are microcephaly, retinopathy, cataracts, low weight, short limbs, mental retardation.
In the middle 3 months, especially weeks 13-20 of pregnancy, the risk of unborn baby having congenital chickenpox syndrome is 2%. After the 20th week of pregnancy, virtually no effect on pregnancy.
If the mother is infected within 5 days before birth and 2 days after birth, the newborn is susceptible to diffuse chickenpox because she does not have enough time to make antibodies to the fetus before birth. The infant mortality rate now reaches 25-30% of infected cases.
Treatment for chickenpox during pregnancy
The best way to avoid chickenpox with a pregnant woman is to have a thorough health check before getting pregnant, vaccinated to ensure a healthy pregnancy period.
In case of detection of chickenpox infection, it is important to provide the body with antiviral drug varicella - zoster Ig (an antibody similar to the antibody made by the body) to protect the mother and fetus. This can significantly reduce the severity of the disease and, more importantly, not provide the antibody no later than 10 days after exposure to the source.
For care when pregnant women have chicken pox, it is necessary to let the patient rest, drink plenty of fluids, eat easily digestible liquid food, enhance foods with vitamin C to increase the body's resistance.
Keep your body clean, avoid breaking water balloons because there is a risk of superinfection. If yes n. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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