How Does Hypothyroidism Affect Fertility?

The activity of the body is affected by the thyroid, the case of hypothyroidism will affect many organs including reproductive organs.
What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism, also known as hypothyroidism, reduces thyroid function, which indicates a thyroid dysfunction that prevents the thyroid gland from producing enough hormones such as thyroxine, T3, and T4 that are necessary for the metabolism control the body.
Hypothyroidism has a high level of danger when leading to death in a short time, causing irreversible complications and requiring complicated surgery to treat.
The cause of hypothyroidism
When the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough hormones, the balance of chemical reactions in the body can be reversed for a number of reasons, including autoimmune disease, hyperthyroidism, radiation therapy, and thyroid surgery. and some medicines

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in front of the neck, just below the pharynx. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) - which have a great impact on the health of the body, affecting all metabolic processes. These hormones also affect the control of important functions, such as body temperature and heart rate

Hypothyroidism is a result of the thyroid gland not producing enough hormones, caused by a number of factors, including:
Autoimmune disease: The most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disorder called Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

How Does Hypothyroidism Affect Fertility?

Autoimmune disorders occur when the immune system produces antibodies that attack the body's tissues. Sometimes this process involves the thyroid.
Treatment of hyperthyroidism: People who produce too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) are usually treated with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medication. The goal of these treatments is to return thyroid function to normal. But sometimes, adjusting hyperthyroidism can reduce too much thyroid hormone production, leading to permanent hypothyroidism.
Thyroid surgery: Removing all or a large part of the thyroid gland can reduce or stop hormone production. In that case, the patient will need to take thyroid hormone for life

Radiation therapy: Radiation used to treat head and neck cancers can affect the thyroid gland and can lead to hypothyroidism.

How Does Hypothyroidism Affect Fertility?

Medications: Certain medications can lead to hypothyroidism such as lithium, which is used to treat some mental disorders.
Less common, but hypothyroidism may be due to one of the following causes:
Congenital disease: Some babies are born with a defect or no thyroid. In most cases, the thyroid does not develop normally without a known cause, but some children have a genetic disorder. Usually, infants with congenital hypothyroidism appear normal at birth.
Disorders of the pituitary gland: A relatively rare cause of hypothyroidism is because the pituitary gland does not produce enough thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) - often due to a benign tumor of the pituitary gland.
Pregnancy: Some women with hypothyroidism during or after pregnancy (postpartum hypothyroidism), usually because the pregnant woman's body produces antibodies against the thyroid gland. If left untreated, hypothyroidism increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, and pre-eclampsia - a condition that causes a significant increase in blood pressure in the last trimester of pregnancy, seriously affecting the unborn baby. develope.

How Does Hypothyroidism Affect Fertility?

Iodine deficiency: Iodine minerals - found primarily in seafood, seaweed, plants grown in iodine-rich soil and iodized salt - are essential for the production of thyroid hormones. Too little iodine can lead to hypothyroidism and too much iodine can worsen hypothyroidism in people who already have it.
Manifestations of hypothyroidism
The symptoms of hypothyroidism will vary from person to person and the severity of the disease. Symptoms of the disease can sometimes be difficult to identify.
Mild hypothyroidism will not have clear symptoms, only when the thyroid is severely weakened, the manifestations will be clearer and more easily identified. Specifically expressed as follows:
Fatigue, drowsiness, light weight gain or a feeling of fear of cold, loss of concentration, forgetfulness, depression, sluggishness
The skin reduces sweating, becomes dry and thick
Thin coarse hair, eyebrows may disappear, brittle nails
Slight swelling around the eyes
Bradycardia and reduced contractility of the heart
Respiratory muscle weakness and reduced lung function
Big tongue, hoarse voice and sleep apnea
The digestive system slows down, causing constipation
Decreased libido
Hypothyroidism varies from person to person and the severity of the disease
Who is susceptible to hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism can occur in both sexes at any age but is more common in women.
Factors that increase your risk of developing the disease are:
Women over 60 years old
Autoimmune disorders
Family history of someone with autoimmune disease
Having been treated for iodine radiation or thyroid suppressant
History of radiation in the neck or upper chest
History of thyroid surgery (or part of the thyroid)
Complications of hypothyroidism
Untreated hypothyroidism can result.

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