How To Care For Patients After Colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a procedure that involves putting a soft tube with a camera through the anus to monitor the colon inside the colon for the purpose of checking and detecting abnormal problems. This method can use anesthesia or not. So, after colonoscopy, how should patients be cared for quickly recovering?
How long does colonoscopy take?
Colonoscopy is one of the methods that helps detect damage inside the colon as well as diagnose diseases such as colon polyps, ulcers or screening for colon cancer ... This medical technique is done. in the form of a soft tube with a camera attached to the head, anus into the body to observe the condition of the colon mucosa. Melons on the image are transmitted clearly on the screen, helping doctors to monitor and accurately assess the patient's colon condition
Usually colonoscopy procedure only takes about 15-20 minutes.
However, if the time the patient takes enema and defecation is clear, this can last about 3-4 hours. In addition, in the case of patients combining endoscopy with other procedures such as polyps or cell sampling ... the time may take longer. Therefore, the time required for colonoscopy often depends on each specific case.
Illustration of rectal colonoscopy
Common symptoms after endoscopy
Colonoscopy is considered to be a safe method and produces almost no dangerous complications for patients
Bloating: The feeling of bloating occurs because during the colonoscopy, the doctor injects air into the intestine to help clearly see the position and extent of damage inside the colon. This is a common symptom and almost everyone who has finished a colonoscopy will have it. Therefore, patients do not need to worry because the condition will go away on its own after a few hours.
Mild abdominal pain: During the procedure, the doctor will move the endoscope to make it easier to observe and to avoid overlooking problems. Because of this, the lining of the colon can be irritated, leading to a slight pain in the lower abdomen. However, the condition will also disappear after about 2 hours so the patient should not be too worried.
In addition, patients may also experience bleeding after the colonoscopy. Because it may be during the colonoscopy, the doctor detects abnormalities and requires a cell sample to be biopsied, which can lead to bleeding.
This condition can cause the patient to have bloody discharge but it will go away on its own after a few days so the patient does not need to panic.
Take care of the patient for the first 2 hours after the colonoscopy
For patients conducting laparoscopic anesthesia method, a relative must be accompanied and taken after the procedure. About 2 hours after the colonoscopy, the patient may eat a small amount of diluted white porridge to help the body recover after the fasting period before the procedure.
After a few hours, the patient was able to eat soft, liquid foods such as soups, soups, minced meat porridge and stewed stews to regain strength as well as ensure digestion and reduce pressure on the body. colon.
The patient rested after laparoscopic surgery
Take care of patients for 24 hours after endoscopy
During the first 24 hours after the procedure, patients should adhere to the following principles:
Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery until at least one day after checking in;
Take pain medicine or stool softener as directed by your doctor (if any);
Drinking plenty of fluids, including prune juice, can help soften stools;
Avoid drinking alcohol for the first 24 hours;
Eat high-fiber foods or use over-the-counter supplements, if needed;
Rest and avoid any strenuous activity or strenuous activity;
If you are taking aspirin daily to prevent heart problems, you do not need to stop. Low-dose aspirin is considered safe after colonoscopy.
Cases should contact a doctor after the first 24 hours after endoscopy
Dangerous complications after colonoscopy is uncommon but still possible.
So contact your doctor or health facility if you experience any of the following symptoms in the first 24 hours after the procedure:
Chills or fever;
Rectal bleeding (bleeding is more than one tablespoon);
Enlarged swelling at the endoscope insertion site;
Severe abdominal pain or bloating (mild pain or bloating may be expected);
Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia).
If you notice some of these abnormal symptoms, you need to go to the hospital to conduct timely monitoring to avoid possible bad risks.
If you have abdominal pain after laparoscopic surgery, call your doctor immediately
A few notes for patients after laparoscopy
After conducting an endoscopy to quickly recover the lining of the colon as well as minimize symptoms such as gas or abdominal pain, the patient should follow the following notes:
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