How To Prevent Acne
Acne (acne) is a skin disease, mainly seen in adolescents, especially puberty. Statistics show that up to 80% of Vietnamese teenagers suffer from acne.
Acne is not a dangerous disease and it is not a contagious disease. However, on one body, acne can spread from one position to another (from the back, the face can spread to the abdomen, chest, arms, shoulders).
Causes of acne
There are many causes of acne. Acne is usually caused by inflammation of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands, so the mucus that accumulates in the hair follicles is not excreted, accompanied by increased sweating (because the hair follicles are blocked or due to excessive excretion).
An increase in the secretion of sweat and sebum increases the accumulation of pores in the skin forming pimples.
The phenomenon of increased sweating and seborrhea increased during puberty is closely related to hormonal disorders
One important reason for the formation of acne is the role of bacteria. Because some bacteria are combined with increased secretion, sebum stagnation causes inflammation, which increases sebum stagnation and therefore increases acne.
Some common bacteria in acne are Propione - bacterium acnes (also known as Corynebacterium acnes), Staphylococcus epidermidis (staph skin), Pityrosporum ...
These bacteria can normally be on the skin of some people, but if seen in people with the phenomenon of increased sebum production and sebum accumulation, these bacteria are easy to exert its effects (causing stronger inflammation ), which is the combination that causes acne.
In addition to the phenomenon such as staying up too late or always nervous or experiencing stress, or eating too sweet, too much spicy, hot also contribute to increased acne
Acne has many different types, depending on the nature of the disease or based on the characteristics of the acne nods that people name them.
People call some types of acne such as blackheads, whiteheads, pustules, cluster acne, cysts acne, bran acne, acne covered ...
Characteristics of acne disease are often recurrent, when cured or temporarily subsided often leave scars and make the skin where acne is dark.
In addition, if a person has acne in many different places in the body and only treated in one place, it is very difficult to cure the acne and the acne from another area will spread to the old area, causing the disease to recur.
Because acne makes the face change, scars after acne and changes in skin color (black, burnt) cause significant sorrow for young people.
What should i do when having acne?
Although acne is a problem for many people, especially young people. However, when suffering from acne should not be too worried, too urgent that self-medication to treat, the disease is not only cured but sometimes worse than even leaving bad consequences.
It is very important to see a doctor for a definite diagnosis and the advice of a qualified health practitioner, preferably by a dermatologist who has experience in the treatment of acne.
Acne is a skin condition that each person's skin often has different sensitivities, so sometimes the same drug works well for one person but the other is irritated. useful.
Or there is a medicine for one person that will cure but for the other person, the disease will not go away or go very slowly.
Absolutely not self-medication with corticosteroids (oral, topical) without a doctor's prescription. Attention when using the drug is susceptible to the effects of ultraviolet rays when exposed to the sun,
So when you go out in the sun, you need to wear a wide-brimmed hat, cover your face, wear a mask to avoid the interaction between the ointment and the sun as well as prevent dust from attaching to your face causing further skin inflammation.
Currently treating acne with Western medicine is highly effective due to the effect of the drug based on the pathogenesis mechanism.
Do not rush because acne is a chronic skin disease lasting, so to treat acne is not on day one, day two.
Another thing to note is that should not squeeze, suck acne make the disease worse and often leave scars.
Can acne be prevented?
Acne disease is a skin disease, so it is important to clean your skin and remove bacteria and sebum while unclogging pores will reduce the existence and growth of bacteria.
Should wash your face several times a day with a special soap for acne, if the skin is greasy, wash it after making sure to use a fine cotton cloth to wipe dry to avoid scratching your face.
Do not stay up late, avoid nervous tension. Do not eat too sweet. Avoid spicy foods such as chili, pepper, mustard ...
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