How To Take Care Of A Full-term Newborn
Characteristics of full-term babies are when they are born: Weight at birth is over 2500g, length is over 47cm, crying loudly, Apgar score 8 - 10 in the first minutes, pink skin, breathing steadily 40 - 50 times / minute. Children are well fed, do not vomit, have meconium on the first day, do not have birth defects, delivery time is less than 12 hours. Broken at birth or less than 6 hours, the amniotic fluid in no odor, healthy mother no disease, normal birth
How to take care of a newborn immediately after birth
- Clearing nose and throat, sucking phlegm at nose and throat as soon as possible right after birth. If the baby cries, there's no need.
- Wipe the whole body with a dry and warm towel
- Cut the umbilical cord using an autoclave 120 degrees C for 30 minutes. Do not apply any medicine to the navel. Umbilical bandages with sterile bandages
- Calculate children born on the Apgar table after 1 minute, 5 minutes, 10 minutes to assess the health status of the child.
- Check for birth defects if any.
- Lay baby on his side, warm.
How to take care of newborn babies every month
- Do not separate mother, unless required.
- Breastfeed your baby as soon as possible, no later than 1 hour after birth. Breastfeeding from 6 to 12 times / day.
- Observe children daily: Normal skin color (light pink), when seeing yellow or cyanotic skin, blisters .
is not normal; Breathing rate 40-60 times / minute; regular heart rate 120 beats / minute; soft or distended abdomen, stool properties, number of bowel movements in 1 day (children usually have diarrhea in the first day); monitor body temperature (normally between 36-37oC).
- Care of the umbilical cord for newborns: During the time of the umbilical cord does not fall out, it is necessary to replace the dressing daily with sterile autoclave bandages Do not let the umbilical cord wet, when it is wet or pus should be taken to hospital for treatment.
- Skin care: On newborns' skin, there is usually a layer of white or pale yellow color, which protects, nourishes the skin, keeps body heat and fights infections. So do not clean the layer causing, should absorb and wipe the layer causing in folds such as neck, groin, armpits. On the second day, use a warm, wet washcloth to wipe the child.
- How to bathe for babies: For babies to bathe with clean, warm water, wipe each part. Wipe the upper half, dry, warm, wipe the lower half and then wipe dry and warm the baby. After the shower, put the child on his side to avoid the reflux of stomach contents into the lungs.
- Airway care: Immediately after birth if the newborn does not cry right away, the child may suffocate, stop breathing, and need emergency (blow breathing, squeezing the heart outside the chest). If the child breathes faster than 60 times 1 minute or breathing too slowly, has apnea, purple lips, extruded foam, remove ti, then the child may have pneumonia, need to be treated in the hospital.
- How to feed babies: Need to breastfeed immediately, as soon as possible, without milk, also breastfeed for early return and good uterus. Breastfeed 6-12 meals a day, on demand, feed each side for at least 5 minutes, every 2 to 3 hours. If the breast is still being breastfed, the milk will need to be squeezed to make the breast gland produce more milk.
- Prepare room space for feeding babies: Must be airy, clean, well-lit, warm, no drafts, room temperature is 28-30 degrees. Do not let children wet, diapers must be changed often..
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