How To Use Artichokes?

Artichoke has the scientific name of Cynara Scolymus L. belongs to Asteraceae family. This plant may be native to Greece and on the island of Sicile, where it is known as scolymus.
The French acclimatized artichokes to Vietnam from the 19th century. It was not until the early 20th century that there were reports of using artichokes as a medicinal plant.
Artichokes have a large rhizome with an intricate root system. Stems upright, grooved, branched and from 1 to 1.5 m long

The leaves are large and greenish, deeply lobed, the veins are prominent, without thorns and have white hairs on the underside.


How To Use Artichokes?


The inflorescences are head-shaped, larger than 10cm, growing on tops, reddish purple or light purple, the outer bracts of the inflorescences are broad, thick and pointed, the base of the lean inflorescence is covered with fuzz, bearing tubular flowers. The fruit is smooth, dark brown and crested.
Artichoke flowers are often used for folk consumption, but according to Dr. Goetz's research in Phythothérapie, the most active ingredient is the large leaves on the trunk.
The leaves contain phenolic acids (cynarin, acidic acid (1%), acid derivatives 1,5 dicafeoylquinin, 5-caeoylquinic acid), alcoolic acid (malic acid, citric, succinic), flavonoids (luteolin, apigenic), sugar, potassium salt and magnesium account for 15% of the dry leaf weight and especially the presence of the compound sesquiterpen lactone (cynaropicrin) not found in flowers, fruits and roots.
In addition, in some recent studies, artichoke leaf extract has the strongest antifungal effect (candida albicans, aspergillus niger) compared to flower and stem extracts.
Uses of artichoke
In vivo tests (in animals and humans) show that artichokes have a stimulating effect on hepatobiliary, anti-gallstones, diuretic, anti-hepatotoxicity, lipid lowering due to inhibition of HMG CoA reductase metabolism enzyme (contributing to prevent obesity), increase metabolism and diuretic

For anti-hepatotoxic effect, the simultaneous presence of cynarin, mineral salts and sesquiterpen lactone is necessary.


How To Use Artichokes?

These substances help stimulate the regeneration of liver cells.
Although artichoke increases bile secretion to help digestion, it is not used in case of obstruction of bile ducts. Thus, people with viral hepatitis, liver toxicity due to the use of many drugs that are harmful to the liver, high cholesterol, poor digestion due to lack of bile acid should use artichokes.
The usual dosage is 4 - 9g of the drug per day; the dosage forms on the market are also used at the same dose against high cholesterol.
The simplest way to use it is to take 20g of the whole dried leaf, cut and boil with 1 liter of water for 10 minutes, drink gradually throughout the day. For long-term storage and use, this decoction can be carried away on the stove until it is about 20ml, stored in the refrigerator. Take 25 drops daily before each meal.
Although artichoke flower does not have the effect of regenerating liver cells (because it does not contain cynaropicrin) but it also has anti-hepatotoxic, antioxidant, diuretic and biliary effects.


How To Use Artichokes?

A recent study showed that the artichoke's antioxidant effects were not diminished at heating.
Artichoke flowers are used to prepare dishes
The best delicacy of artichokes is probably the pork leg (or just choose the nail). Artichoke cotton young type, washed, split vertical, remove the pistil inside. The flower stalk holds, cuts thinly. Pork rolls (or claws) washed, cut into pieces just marinated fish sauce, seasoning powder for about 30 minutes to infuse, then put in the stew with boiling water.
When the pork rolls are slightly soft, add artichokes and flower stems to continue the stew until the pork rolls soften, taste again to taste, add pepper and cilantro. This dish is used hot with raw fish sauce with sliced buffalo horn chili, very cool, suitable on hot sunny days.
Corn crab artichoke: take 2 cups of crab meat mixed with 1 cup of finely chopped cheese, finely chopped onions, green peppers and salt.


How To Use Artichokes?

Mix mayonnaise, lemon juice and a few drops of Tabasco sauce, mix with crab. Take out the tiny leaves in the middle of the artichoke. Put the crabs in the middle of the artichoke.
Allow artichokes to pile into the shallow mold and pour hot water around the artichokes for up to 1 inch. Use the cellophane to re-filter and bake in the oven for 30 minutes or until evenly heated..

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