How To Use Medicine Before Colonoscopy?
Before conducting colonoscopy, patients will be taken enema to clean the intestines, helping the colonoscopy process be accurate. The following article will provide the necessary information about colonoscopy enema you can refer to for better understanding.
Why do colon cleanse before colonoscopy?
Currently, in all hospitals and specialized clinics of gastroenterology, taking enema before colonoscopy is a mandatory procedure.
Taking enema helps the colon become clean, helps the doctor conduct an endoscopy to observe the entire colon and detect internal lesions. Therefore the diagnosis process is more accurate
If the colon is not cleaned, the endoscopy will remove lesions, especially small polyps, the time of the colonoscopy will be longer, the patient will have more pain.
Before colonoscopy, it is necessary to take medicine to clean the intestine
Method of colon cleansing with oral medication
Common types of enema used:
Fortrans enema is used to clean the intestines before colonoscopy, bowel surgery, nuclear medicine tests. The drug works by causing diarrhea to empty the colon without changing the amount of fluid or electrolytes
- Read carefully the instructions for use that are included in each medicine box or consult a doctor before use.
- The drug is indicated for oral use.
- 3 packs mixed with 3 liters of drinking water within 3 hours, go outside 6-7 times (or more) last time out in clear or pale yellow water, no residue can be endoscopy.
- It should take all the medicine before endoscopy 3-5 hours. If morning endoscopy, patients can take medicine from the afternoon before to achieve the highest efficiency.
Although the rate of using Fortrans enema is very low, if it happens and the condition becomes serious, the patient should immediately go to the medical facility for timely treatment.
If you are taking any medications, you should tell your doctor right away because Fortrans can cause absorption disorders with some other drugs when they are taken together.
Some of the unwanted effects when using Fortrans drugs, are:
- Feeling full
- Nausea, vomiting when used
Taking laxatives can cause nausea
Fleet phosphorus - soda (Sodium phosphate)
The drug works to clean the colon before surgery, endoscopy
- Read carefully the instructions for use in the prescription of the doctor or in the instruction sheet enclosed in the box.
- Medication for oral use only.
- Patients use two doses of 45 ml each with a full glass of water (about 240 ml) and drink about 10-12 hours apart.
- 2nd dose to drink 6 hours after laparoscopic time.
Like Fortrans, Fleet phosphorus - soda also has unwanted side effects. If the condition becomes serious, the patient should contact a doctor immediately for prompt treatment.
Some side effects of Fleet phosphorus - soda (Sodium phosphate)
- Loose stools, bowel movements many times
- Caxiemia causes muscle spasms, low blood pressure, etc. More severe heart arrhythmia, congestive heart failure,
- Hyperphosphatemia aggravates chronic kidney disease, ..
- Increased sodium in the blood leads to fever, thirst, irritability, vomiting or nausea, convulsions
- Hemochromatosis causes fatigue, headache, drowsiness, jaundice, increased heart rate, confusion, etc.
Subject contraindicated with enema
Contraindications to enema for pregnant women
- People allergic to the components of the drug
- Patients with pulmonary edema
- Patients with liver failure, kidney failure
- Patient is suffering from dehydration
- The patient has just had surgery, the anesthetic in the body is still valid
- Patients show signs of intoxication or severe colitis
- Patients with signs of intestinal obstruction, paralysis, perforation of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Patients with a history of cardiovascular disease, blood pressure, diabetes.
- Pregnant or lactating women.
- The patient is taking any other medicines, including prescription or over-the-counter medicines, herbal products, or functional foods.
Some notes when using enema to be effective
Patients follow the instructions for using the medication
The patient absolutely must not eat anything after taking the colonoscopy enema, can drink white water when needed.
Before colonoscopy, medication should be taken with a small amount of water.
If hunger is felt and the colonoscopy takes place after 12 noon, the patient can use either water, apple juice or chicken broth before the colonoscopy.
If overdose, immediately call a doctor for advice. If the patient shows signs of danger, should be taken immediately to the hospital for timely emergency.
If the dose is missed, take it as soon as possible. If the time to discover that the drug has not been taken is close to the time of the next dose, the patient should skip the missed dose and take the next dose at the scheduled time. Do not take twice the prescribed dose.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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