Hp Infection In Children: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

H. pylori is a spiral bacteria found in the stomach that damages stomach and duodenal tissue, causing inflammation and peptic ulcers. Although HP infection in children is rare, it is difficult to detect and requires early treatment to avoid unpredictable complications.
Causes of Hp infection in children
The cause of H. pylori is unknown, but doctors believe that H. pylori is passed from person to person through close contact (kissing) or through the gastrointestinal tract and most children have H.pylori. Some children, they turn into infections


Children at high risk are:
The poor hygiene children spread the bacteria, spread through food, dirty environment .


Hp Infection In Children: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

..
Children with poor resistance give bacteria the opportunity to cause illness.
Children with a family history (parents, relatives) suffer from stomach-related diseases.
Symptoms of Hp infection in children
The following are the most common symptoms of H. pylori. However, each person may experience different symptoms

After being infected with H.


Hp Infection In Children: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

pylori, gastritis may develop. When symptoms occur, they may include the following:
Causing dull ache about 2-3 hours after eating, when hungry, the pain may come and go for a few days or weeks
Weight loss
Loss of appetite
Flatulence, bloating, heartburn
Nausea
Vomit
The stool is black, the stool is bloody
The symptoms of H. pylori may also be similar to other illnesses, especially in children, which are even harder to detect. Therefore, parents need to watch their children constantly and take their children to health facilities promptly when they have even the slightest symptoms.
Hp bacteria cause dull abdominal pain in children
Complications of Hp infection in children
They can penetrate the protective lining of the stomach causing inflammation. Inflammation makes stomach cells more susceptible to acid and pepsin which can lead to ulcers in the stomach or duodenum (the first part of the small intestine), H. pylori can also stimulate the stomach to produce more. more acid.


Hp Infection In Children: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


The early childhood infection of HP leads to:
Poor food absorption, children may be malnourished, can not develop well intellectually and physically
Directly affecting children's daily life and life
There may be consequences for other diseases: Bleeding when blood vessels are worn down, perforation of the stomach wall, blockage when the ulcer is in a position that prevents food from leaving the stomach, stomach cancer
Hp test methods
Doctors can diagnose H.pylori infection using a variety of tests.
Blood tests
Blood tests help detect the presence of H. pylori bacteria in the stomach.
This method is easy to perform but does not quantify active H.pylori bacteria, no gastric lesions were identified and the extent of gastric damage. This method also takes time.
Stool test
Stool examination helps to accurately detect the appearance, activity ability of H.


Hp Infection In Children: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

pylori bacteria in the stomach.
But this method also takes time, must strictly follow the sampling process or it will give wrong results. This method also does not identify mucosal damage.
Hp breath test
HP breath test is not recommended for children under 6 years old.
This method is easy to implement but also does not check the situation of stomach damage and high cost.
Endoscopic
Gastroscopy is a popular method to identify disease status, disease severity, and causes.
However, children under 10 years of age need to be extremely careful when choosing this method. Or need careful consultation from a doctor.


Hp Infection In Children: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


A blood test is a way to diagnose Hp bacteria
What method should I choose to test Hp for children?
Depending on the following factors, a mother may allow her to choose the appropriate Hp test method:
Children's age
The child's medical condition is severe or mild
Needs of parents
Child stamina
Finance
Doctor's advice
What to do when your child has an Hp infection?
Depending on the following factors for treatment, choose appropriate treatment for Hp infection in children:
Children's age, overall health and medical history
The extent of the disease
A child's tolerance to specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Expectations for the treatment process
Needs of parents
Treatment may include:
Antibiotics kill bacteria
Medications to stop acid production reduce the amount of stomach acid that makes or protects the stomach lining from acid and help kill bacteria.
Parents need:
Help your child adhere to the course of treatment (steps, duration, tests, re-exams)
Selecting prestigious testing and treatment addresses (experienced doctors, modern equipment, high-quality medical care)
Prevention of Hp infection in children
Helping your child build good health or personal hygiene habits can help keep him safe. These habits include:
Wash your hands with soap and water especially after using the toilet, before eating
Eat food that has been properly cleaned and cooked
Drinking water is safe and clean.

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