Hypertension During Pregnancy
Hypertension (hypertension) is a common disease in pregnant women and is also a major cause of even death complications for the mother and fetus. Up to 15% of pregnant women have hypertension and 25% of preterm births are due to hypertension. Hypertension is experienced in many different situations, in which pre-eclampsia is the most dangerous complication.
What is hypertension during pregnancy?
A normal woman during pregnancy with blood pressure at or above 140 / 90mm Hg is called hypertension. Hypertension can be caused independently of pregnancy or by pregnancy.
Hypertension may be available before pregnancy or is available and aggravated during pregnancy, even appearing only during pregnancy if accompanied by edema and proteinuria (with protein in the urine) creating a severe illness. special in obstetrics is called pre-eclampsia - eclampsia (TSG).
Signs of disease
TSG is very dangerous for pregnant women
The patient is drowsy in convulsions and then regains consciousness slowly.
A seizure may occur once or many times continuously if the BP is still high. The more times you have a seizure, the more dangerous it is for you and your baby. Signs of severe illness are: headache, blurred vision, epigastric or right upper quadrant pain, altered perception.
Who is susceptible to disease?
Preeclampsia is more common in women who are too young (less than 15 years old) or too old (older than 35 years), whose children are more susceptible to having a chicken, multiple pregnancies that are more likely than one fetus, diabetes. , genetic factors, nutritional factors .
are also risk factors. The disease will recover quickly after birth, the BP will gradually decrease to stabilize.
However, if there are complications (stroke, damage to internal organs, most often liver and bile), there will certainly be sequelae, depending on the extent of the injury.
Prevention of pre-eclampsia
Pre-eclampsia can prevent or reduce complications through good antenatal care. Strict treatment of diabetes or other medical conditions is required. Pregnant women can rest at home if the disease is mild, self-check for pregnancy movements, self-monitor for signs of worsening such as increased weight gain, rapid weight gain, severe headache, blurred vision, liver pain, nausea, vomiting much.
Need to be hospitalized as soon as one of the above signs by the fact that pre-eclampsia turns into eclampsia unpredictable. If eclampsia occurs, women may fall into a coma, cerebral edema, cerebral hemorrhage, acute pulmonary edema, heart failure, premature detachment and death of mother and child.
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