Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Causes, Symptoms And Remedies
Inflammatory bowel disease is thought to consist of 2 chronic diseases caused by intestinal inflammation: ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Although these diseases have many common characteristics, there are also big differences between them.
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory disease in the large intestine, also known as the colon. Ulcerative colitis is most severe in the rectal area, which can cause frequent diarrhea, with bloody and mucous stools if the colon is damaged.
Crohn's disease usually affects the end of the small intestine (terminal ileum)
Crohn's disease causes inflammation and ingests deeper into the layers of the intestinal wall, much deeper than ulcerative colitis. This pathology usually affects the entire intestinal wall
Causes of enteritis
Medical researchers have yet to identify the cause of enteritis.
They suggest that factors that can cause disease include the environment, diet and possibly genetic factors. Medical evidence also suggests that smoking may increase the risk of developing Crohn's disease.
The intestines are highly susceptible to infection due to eating habits, living environment
Signs and symptoms
The most common symptoms in both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are diarrhea and abdominal pain. Diarrhea can occur from moderate to severe (causing patients to get into the toilet 20 or more times a day).
If diarrhea is excessive, it will lead to dehydration, heart palpitations and hypotension. Continued loss of small amounts of blood in the stool can also lead to anemia.
Constipation can also be a symptom of inflammatory bowel disease
In ulcerative colitis, constipation can be a symptom of proctitis, also known as inflammatory bowel disease.
Fever, fatigue and weight loss may also occur in patients with inflammatory bowel disease due to lack of appetite and dehydration due to diarrhea and chronic enteritis.
Some people with inflammatory bowel disease may have signs of infection in other parts of the body, such as joints, eyes, skin and liver. In children with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, the disease can delay growth and / or interfere with puberty.
Diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel disease can be difficult to diagnose because they do not have clear symptoms even though the disease has over the years increased the risk of bowel damage. Symptoms, if present, are often similar to other illnesses, making it difficult for doctors to diagnose them.
Abdominal pain, diarrhea may be a sign of inflammatory bowel disease
Blood tests may show abnormalities or inflammation in the digestive tract. An increase in white blood cells and the scale of sediment may be indicative of enteritis, along with a decrease in albumin, zinc and magnesium in the blood.
To correctly diagnose ulcerative colitis, colonoscopy is often required by laparoscopy, which allows the doctor to see the extent of the disease.
Gargle can also help diagnose the disease. In the case of Crohn's disease, X-rays after a barium drinker often show characteristic signs of inflammation in the intestinal wall.
Treatment of enteritis
Drug treatment is the first method to reduce the symptoms of both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Two commonly prescribed medications are anti-inflammatory drugs (such as mesalamine, olsalazine and balsalazide) and immunosuppressants (such as steroids, cyclosporin, azathioprine and anti-TNF antibodies).
Immunosuppressants work to protect the immune system against the attack of tissues in the body, making inflammation worse.
If a child with inflammatory bowel disease does not respond to the medication, surgery may be needed. In Crohn's disease, people try every means to avoid surgery due to the periodic nature of the disease.
Surgery can also lead to complications such as short bowel syndrome - which reduces the ability to absorb nutrients and affect development. In ulcerative colitis, removal of the colon (large intestine) is necessary.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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