Information You Need To Know About Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis is one of the relatively common diseases in Vietnam. Anyone is at risk. This disease is easy to relapse and difficult to treat completely. Therefore, knowing the necessary information about ulcerative colitis will help people be more proactive in prevention, as well as early detection of signs of disease for timely intervention.
What is ulcerative colitis?
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is considered to be an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
This inflammation produces a small ulcer called an ulcer on the lining of the colon
Inflammation causes your bowels to move food quickly and often needs to be emptied regularly, leading to diarrhea. When the cells on the surface of your intestinal mucosa die, an ulcer forms. The sores can cause bleeding and discharge of mucus and pus.
Ulcerative colitis is considered to affect people of all ages, usually starting at a young age of 15 to 35, or among those over 50.
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis
The severity of ulcerative colitis symptoms is thought to vary from person to person. Symptoms may also change over time.
People diagnosed with ulcerative colitis may experience mild symptoms or no symptoms at all
Common symptoms of ulcerative colitis include:
Going to the stool to see bloody stools;
In addition, ulcerative colitis can cause additional symptoms such as joint pain, joint swelling, nausea and decreased appetite, skin problems, mouth sores, and eye inflammation.
The cause of ulcerative colitis
Researchers believe ulcerative colitis may be the result of an overactive immune system. However, there are no studies that explain why the immune system responds by attacking the large intestine and not other organs.
So far the exact cause of ulcerative colitis has not been determined and relies only on the following risk factors:
Genetic genes: The disease can be inherited from parents, often children who have parents with ulcerative colitis are at higher risk;
Other immune disorders: If you have an immune disorder, the risk of ulcerative colitis is possible;
Environmental factors: Bacteria, viruses that appear through diet or habitat can invade the body, attacking the immune system leading to the possibility of you getting ulcerative colitis. Accordingly, some bacteria can cause diseases such as cholera, E.coli, tuberculosis or dysentery dysentery, etc.
Factors that increase the risk of ulcerative colitis
In addition to a few identified causes, there are several factors that can increase the risk of ulcerative colitis:
Age: Ulcerative colitis can occur at any age and usually starts before the age of 30 or among people over 50;
Race: According to Wikipedia, ulcerative colitis is common among whites in North America and Europe.
However, according to some studies, Ashkenazi Jews are at the highest risk;
Use some antibiotics: antibiotics used to treat acne scars or acne, namely Isotretinoin (Accutane, Amnesteem, Claravis or Sotret) have some components that cause the risk of ulcers Colon.
Drug abuse is easy to cause colitis
Diagnosis of ulcerative colitis
Diagnostic tests for ulcerative colitis usually include:
Stool test: Your doctor will conduct stool tests to check for blood or bacteria and parasites;
Endoscopy: Your doctor will use a flexible endoscope to examine your stomach, esophagus and small intestine;
Endoscopy of the colon: This diagnostic test helps to accurately check for damage inside the colon;
Biopsy: The doctor will take a sample of tissue from your colon for analysis;
CT scan: A scan of your pelvic and pelvic position if there is suspicion of complications or small intestine inflammation and an assessment of the degree of ulcerative colitis.
Complications of ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis increases the risk of colon cancer. The longer you have the disease, the higher your risk of getting this cancer. Because of this increased risk, your doctor will conduct a colonoscopy and check your cancer risk when you receive a diagnosis. Screening can detect precancerous cells early on, and doctors recommend regular screening after one to three years.
Other complications of ulcerative colitis (UC) include:
Thickening of the intestinal wall;
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