Iron Deficiency Pregnant Women Should Eat To Supplement?
When pregnant, mothers always need iron to make red blood cells that provide for both mother and child. However, there are many pregnant women who lack iron, which leads to many negative effects on the fetus. Therefore, supplementing iron-rich foods is the right thing for mothers to do right away.
The role of iron for pregnant women
To assess whether the body is anemic, we have to test for hemoglobin (Hb) levels. For normal people, anemia occurs when the blood Hb level is below 13g / dl in men and in women less than 12g / dl. As for pregnant women, when Hb levels below 11g / dl will be diagnosed with anemia.
There are many causes of anemia, but the most common cause is iron deficiency. The mother's body does not provide enough iron to make hemoglobin, which is responsible for the main function of red blood cells and is essentially protein
Naturally, women of reproductive age are prone to anemia.
In particular, during pregnancy, the need for iron increases many times to provide both for the mother and the fetus, so the anemia becomes even more common. Anemia due to iron deficiency not only affects the mother but also adversely affects the fetus, making the development of the fetus seriously affected.
Serious harm of pregnant women lack iron
Iron deficiency leads to anemia and adversely affects both mother and fetus. When anemia, pregnant women not only often feel tired, dizzy, dizzy but also can lead to the risk of eclampsia, pre-eclampsia, premature rupture of membranes. When going into labor, the labor process can be longer, make the mother tired and can harm the fetus, the mother is also prone to postpartum haemorrhage and postpartum infection. After the baby is born, women are also susceptible to lack of milk.
Anemia not only makes mom tired, dizzy but also affects the fetus
For the fetus, the mother elected to be iron-deficiency, anemia will prevent the baby from being provided with enough red blood cells to develop during the process of being in the womb, the baby is easily malnourished
In addition, if during pregnancy, the mother is anemic, it will increase the risk of the baby developing heart disease later.
Iron deficiency pregnant women should eat?
To ensure the body has enough iron to make red blood cells to nourish the mother and fetus, pregnant women need to add more iron-rich foods in each daily meal because their iron needs are now higher than usual.
Here are the iron-rich foods mom can refer to:
Beef is a fairly iron-rich food and also very popular in family meals. Each part of beef has about 2.5 - 3mg iron. In particular, the lean beef meat is richer in iron than the part with tendons. Especially, iron from animals is easier to absorb than iron from plants, so moms can add beef to the daily diet to ensure the body is always enough iron.
Just half a bowl of pregnant mom spinach can provide the body with 3.
2mg of iron. In addition, spinach is also very rich in nutrients good for the mother's body and good for fetal development such as folic acid, vitamin C, calcium, Beta-carotene ...
The way to make spinach is very simple, so mom can make it everyday like stir-fry veggies or stir-fry with meat.
Beef is rich in iron, delicious, so it is suitable for every meal of the pregnant mother
For a long time, pregnant women have been advised to eat chicken eggs to provide nutrition for the developing fetus. For pregnant women who are anemic, chicken eggs are a food source that mothers should not ignore.
Moreover, eggs contain many nutrients such as protein, iron, calcium, phosphorus, and beneficial vitamins.
In particular, egg yolks are the place that contains the most nutrients.
Egg yolks also include water-soluble vitamins like B1 and B6; The oil-soluble vitamins like vitamins A, D, K. They are very good and safe for pregnant women. During pregnancy, mothers should eat 3-4 chicken eggs a week to provide a lot of nutrients for both mother and child.
Bananas are very popular fruits. Bananas are rich in iron and minerals essential for pregnant women. Mothers can eat bananas every day to provide nutrition, while helping reduce constipation common in pregnant women.
When eating bananas, moms should eat in the morning so that the body can absorb all nutrients and help prevent anemia for an energetic day.
Kinds of bean
Legumes are an excellent source of iron and protein. Mothers can eat and change different types of beans such as green beans, soy beans, peas ... Not only used for processing into dishes, dried beans, roasted beans can also be snacks for mom to sip. all day, helping her mother not to feel hungry at the same time providing superior nutrition.
Pumpkin contains many nutrients such as protein, iron, calcium, amino acids, vitamins ..
. If pregnant women are anemic, adding pumpkin will help mom eliminate this condition.
However, when choosing squash, moms should choose ripe pumpkins because they contain a lot of calcium, iron and zinc, which help to replenish the blood better for the body.
Nuts such as walnuts, almonds, macca ... are considered to be the gold food pregnant women should supplement during pregnancy. They contain lots of iron, omega-3, good for body development and t.
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