Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (intestinal dysfunction or gastrointestinal dysfunction) is one of the most common intestinal diseases with incidence of 5% - 20% of the population in our country.
The manifestations: abdominal pain, defecation disorders, bloating, bloating, ... recurrent episodes and prolonged making the patient always feel uncomfortable, worried, affecting quality of life.
No physical cause:
IRR is also known as intestinal dysfunction or gastrointestinal dysfunction because it has not found an entity damage such as ulcerative colitis (bleeding ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease ..

), colorectal tumor, infectious colitis, absorption syndrome….


Irritable Bowel Syndrome

or biological disorders.
According to the study, the pathogenetic mechanism of HCRKT includes:
Movement disorders of the intestine (increased peristalsis by fluidy bowel movements, decreased motility by constipation).
Dyspepsia of the gastrointestinal tract: The gastrointestinal tract is easily stimulated because of the decrease in the visceral receptor threshold indicated by abdominal pain.
Central nervous factors: stress, mental disorders, psychological factors are also factors that cause symptoms of IRR. This explains the increasing trend of disease in modern society.
Characteristic manifestations:
Symptoms of HCRKT include:
Abdominal pain: Pain is a major symptom of HCRKT. Diffuse pain or localization of the left iliac fossa, around the navel, the right iliac fossa

Pain on the navel is often intense.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Pain below the navel is usually dull. The intensity of pain is often moist, uncomfortable to strong sometimes have to go to emergency.
Severe pain, sometimes pain that makes the patient wake up while sleeping. Pain increases when the patient feels stressed or tired, relieves pain at rest. Pain with severe feeling of discomfort makes the patient uncomfortable. Pain alleviated when passing, defecation.
Defecation defecation (liquid or constipation):
Going loose: Often waking up, patients often have abdominal cramps and want to defecate, after eating that symptom.
Before defecation feels painful or crampy, defecation is usually comfortable.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Some people also feel an uncomfortable pain in the anus, have a bowel movement or feel like they have not passed stool yet, sometimes for a long time despite a loose stool.
Each phase a few days to a few weeks, the day can go on 3 times. The stool is loose, but the hard part can be broken later. During the day the stool was first crushed but the subsequent times were mucous or whole mucus.
Constipation: Patients with abdominal cramps want to defecate, when they are finished, they will no longer suffer. Hard, dry stools form lumps around the mucus or like goat droppings.
Constipation usually takes 3-4 days 1 time or once a week. Some patients do not feel pain and require long sitting.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome


Flatulence, bloating: After eating half a meal, you have a bad feeling of having to burp or bowel to be comfortable.
Flatulence is often accompanied by a boil in the abdomen, sometimes when the intestines become hard and painful, rub for a while or let the nature go away or the hard pieces move away. Some cases have a burning sensation in the abdomen.
The majority of patients with HCRKT often have unstable mental status, easy sensitivity, anxiety or anxiety, excessive sweating in the winter, headaches with weather, in women with abdominal pain during menstruation .
See more: Discount 25% for gastrointestinal cancer screening
Symptomatic treatment is primary
Most cases of HCRKT incapable of completely curing. The symptomatic treatment is usually effective to reduce discomfort for the patient. Although it does not completely eliminate all symptoms, it will improve the quality of life of the patient better.
Drugs used to treat HCRKT are usually analgesics, antispasmodics, anti-constipation medications combined with drinking plenty of water, eating high fiber foods, anti-diarrhea, flatulence and sedatives if the person suffers insomnia.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome

The use of drugs must follow the instructions of the specialist.
The implementation of a reasonable diet plays a very important role in the treatment of HCRKT. When having symptoms of digestive disorders, patients should avoid indigestion, flatulence foods such as potatoes, cassava, butter-rich pastries, fruits with lots of sugar (oranges, tangerines, mangoes, jackfruit ...).
Beverages are high in sugar and have gas, stimulants (alcohol, coffee, spicy and spicy ..


Irritable Bowel Syndrome

.). The food for a long time, not well preserved. If you have loose stools, do not eat more high-fiber foods such as spinach, mustard greens, melons, etc.
In addition, it is necessary to practice the habit of defecation 1 time a day, rubbing the abdomen in the morning to wake up to feel like defecation. Regular exercise, relaxation, avoid stress to reduce pathogen..

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