Is A High Ggt Index Dangerous? Handling Like?
The liver is responsible for producing proteins and detoxifying the body, the liver also produces bile and helps the body process and digest fat. GGT is a liver enzyme that occurs in every liver cell and a few other organs. An increase in GGT will cause unwanted harmful effects. The following article will help you have a better overview of this GGT index.
What is the GGT index?
GGT is one of three types of liver enzymes (SGOT and SGPT) or enzymes. GGT not only appears in the liver, but also in the kidneys, spleen, pancreas, and small intestine. GGT is very sensitive to changes in cholestasis so it is an extremely important enzyme for diagnosing cholestasis in the liver. Every liver cell contains GGT, when liver cells die, liver enzymes are released into the blood, if liver enzymes are abundant in the blood, it is an abnormal sign of the liver
What does the GGT index mean?
An abnormal GGT, the doctor will rely on the results to analyze and explain to patients the possible risks.
GGT index also helps doctors diagnose the condition of liver damage, the more severe the liver damage, the higher the GGT index.
The doctor also uses the GGT index to exclude certain problems, the GGT is evaluated along with ALT, if both increase, it is allowed to think of abnormal liver or bile duct problems, if GGT is moderate. often ALT increases, you think of bone disease.
In what cases is the GGT test indicated?
The GGT test is indicated by a physician when liver damage is suspected in alcoholic patients.
In case the patient feels pain in the lower flank or shows signs of anorexia, nausea, rashes, blood vessels floating under the skin, jaundice, yellow eyes, bloating, etc., it is also indicated for GGT.
When the patient has pain in the lower ribs, nausea, anorexia
. will be ordered GGT test
How much is a GGT?
The safety index of GTT is below 60UI / L. However, depending on gender, the normal male index is 11 - 50UI / L, female is 7 - 32UI / L.
A high GGT is a sign of abnormal liver. When the liver is slightly injured, the GGT index increases by 2 times, the average damage of the GGT index increases from 2 to 5 times, increasing by more than 5 times as the liver has been seriously injured. If the GGT index is up to 5000UI / L, the person may have had acute hepatitis or liver cancer.
The reason for the high GGT index
- Drinking a lot of alcohol with high concentration for a long time or abuse of other stimulants (such as drugs) is the cause for GGT to increase.
- Having hepatitis A, B, C, D, E .
.. or acute hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis, fatty liver, cirrhosis, liver cancer, death of liver tissue, liver tumors ...
- Having diabetes, pancreatitis, heart failure, malaria lung disease, biliary tract disease, iron overload ...
- An unscientific diet causes the burden on the liver such as eating too much fat, greasy foods ...
- Working too hard, staying up late often, prolonged stress ..
- The amount of blood to the liver is missing.
Liver disease, excessive drinking is a cause of high GGT
Dangerous complications when the liver enzyme index (GGT) rises?
Elevated liver enzymes are usually asymptomatic, so the patient is virtually unknown or ignored. But if not treated, it can lead to adverse health effects such as:
- Reduced longevity: High liver enzymes increase mortality.
The higher the liver enzyme index, the higher the mortality rate.
- Increased risk of cirrhosis, liver cancer: Abnormal elevated liver enzymes due to mass death of liver cells, the body automatically activates proliferation of new liver cells, thereby increasing the risk of spontaneous mutations at the conduction liver. to cirrhosis, liver cancer.
How to control the GGT index
- It is important that you have tests for liver enzymes, hepatitis (especially hepatitis B, C) to know your liver status.
- Find the cause of elevated liver enzymes. If it is due to alcohol, you must abstain from alcohol and other stimulants. If it is due to obstruction of the bile ducts, support should be made to completely improve this cause.
- Need a scientific diet, drink plenty of water, increase vegetables and fruits, reduce fat, animal organs and processed canned foods to reduce the burden on the liver.
- Reasonable rest mode, not staying up late, not working too hard, avoiding prolonged stress. Scientists have shown that anti-hepatitis antibodies are synthesized at a rate of 3-5 times faster than normal during sleep, so getting enough 8 hours of sleep is the peak of the recovery process. Liver.
- Strong toxins such as toxic chemicals present in food that accumulate for a long time will exceed the body's ability to detoxify, which makes the liver tired and the GGT index will also increase.
- Should consult with your doctor about whether drugs to drink are harmful to the liver or not. Do not self-treat GGT with traditional medicines, or Chinese medicine without the guidance of a doctor, will make the disease worse and more difficult to treat.
Notes before the GGT test
Before GGT test, patients must stop using all kinds of alcohol, tobacco or stimulants from 24h - 7. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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