Is Gallstone Disease Dangerous? How To Treat Gallstones
Gallstones are a fairly common pathology in the digestive tract. The disease not only causes pain and discomfort for patients, but it can also turn into many dangerous diseases, even causing cancer.
The location and structure of the gallbladder
The gallbladder is a part of the bile duct system. It is a small pouch located on the underside of the liver lobe, which is green, pear shaped, has a storage and concentration effect. Bile is a compound excreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder
Gallbladder is about 6 - 8cm long, the largest width is about 3-4cm when full. The gall bladder is made up of 3 parts including the base, body and neck
Function of gall bladder
The gallbladder is the place for storing and storing bile that is synthesized and secreted by the liver.
When eaten, the liver secretes more bile. Bile is viscous, yellow or green and bitter. Bile is a digestive aid because bile salts are the potassium or sodium salts of bile acids, derived from cholesterol with glycine or taurine so bile salts have a role in decomposing fat, helping the digested fat to pass through. intestinal wall and helps promote the activity of the enzyme Lipase (lipid decomposition).
The gallbladder has a contracting function to push bile fluid into the common bile duct and then empty it into the duodenum, small intestine, aid in the elimination of fat, and promote easier digestion of food.
In addition, the gallbladder also acts as a dispatching valve to guide bile fluid into the duodenum and down the small intestine.
Gallstones are a common disease in the digestive system
The cause of gallstones
Gallstones are formed by many mechanisms
Bile contains high cholesterol
Normally, bile has enough chemicals to dissolve the cholesterol that is excreted by the liver.
however, if the liver excretes too much cholesterol and the insoluble bile will cause cholesterol to build up and gradually form crystals, crystallize into gallstones.
Bile contains bilirubin
Bilirubin is a chemical produced when red blood cells in the body are broken. When you encounter problems like cirrhosis, blood disorders, biliary tract infections, the liver will make more bilirubin and excess bilirubin will build up and form gallstones.
Gallbladder should not be emptied regularly
Occasionally, your gallbladder needs to be emptied. If the gallbladder is always filled with bile, the bile can become concentrated and gradually form gallstones.
Subjects at high risk of gallstones disease
Anyone can get gallstones. However, if you frequently suffer from the following conditions, your risk of developing gallstones will be higher than for other normal people:
People on a diet high in fat, fat, low in fiber
Overweight and obesity
Take birth control pills regularly
People with chronic diseases like diabetes, blood disorders
People with a family history of gallstones
People with liver diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis
Losing weight fast also increases the risk of disease
If you belong to one of the above subjects, you should get regular check-ups or see a doctor right away if your health is abnormal.
Signs of gallstones disease
Gallstones often have no typical signs and it is easy to confuse them with other conditions without proper examination.
However, the most common sign of gallstones is abdominal cramps. These pain has characteristics such as:
Abdominal cramps are the most common manifestation of gallstones
Location: Pain usually occurs in the epigastric region or in the right abdomen but is mostly painful in the epigastrium.
Severe: The pain is often numerous and constant makes the patient extremely painful.
Cycle: Usually aches by bouts individually, not dull. The pain lasts from 30 minutes to several hours.
Timing: The pain often appears several hours after eating or pain at night, affecting the patient's sleep.
Besides abdominal cramps, people with gallstones may also experience fever, jaundice if the disease has advanced to a severe stage.
Classification gallstones stones
Gallbladder stones are divided into 2 common types: cholesterol and pigment stones.
Cholesterol stones are stones formed primarily by the deposition of cholesterol in bile fluid. This type of stone usually appears in Western people, or people who follow a Western diet. In addition, women have twice the incidence of disease.
Pigmentation stones often appear as a result of intestinal infection or diseases such as cirrhosis, hepatitis, or in people who have an ileectomy.
Is gallstone disease dangerous?
If gallstones are not treated early, it can cause not only pain and discomfort, but also many dangerous complications. Some complications of gallstones include:
If gallstones are trapped in the neck of the gallbladder, it may cause cholecystitis. When cholecystitis, the patient may have severe pain and fever.
Obstruction of the pancreatic duct
The pancreas runs from the pancreas and connects to the common bile duct before entering the duodenum.
The pancreas acts as a guide for the pancreas to digest food. Gallstones can compress and cause obstruction of the pancreatic duct, which can eventually cause pancreatitis. This complication causes severe abdominal pain and requires hospitalization to treat it.
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