Is Hepatitis A Vaccination Necessary? How Much?
Hepatitis A is rated as not as dangerous as hepatitis B or C. Therefore, many people wonder if the hepatitis A vaccine is needed. The following article will help you answer.
Why is hepatitis A vaccine needed?
Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV).
HAV spreads from person to person through contact with the faeces of an infected person such as contact if someone does not wash their hands properly. You can also get hepatitis A from food, water, or objects contaminated with HAV.
Symptoms of hepatitis A may include:
Fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and / or joint pain;
Abdominal pain and diarrhea (mainly in children);
Jaundice or eyes, dark urine, clay-colored stools.
These symptoms usually appear 2 to 6 weeks after exposure and usually last less than 2 months, although some people may get sick within 6 months
Children usually have no symptoms, but most adults do.
Acute hepatitis A makes patients sick, tired.
Hepatitis A can cause liver failure and death, although this is rare and occurs more commonly in people 50 years and older. The risk is increased in people with other liver diseases such as hepatitis B or C.
Therefore, the vaccination against hepatitis A is necessary to avoid the risk and the disease will not get worse if you accidentally get infected with other types of hepatitis.
The vaccine can prevent hepatitis A if given correctly and in enough doses.
Vaccination can prevent disease if given correctly and in full doses
When should I get vaccinated against hepatitis A?
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends hepatitis A vaccinations for the following people:
All children from 1 year old;
Tourists to countries - where hepatitis A is common;
Families and carers of adopters from countries where hepatitis A is common;
Having sex (same-sex or heterosexual) with more than one partner or not knowing the status of the partner;
Persons working in the environment in contact with needles and blood;
People with chronic or long-term liver disease, including hepatitis B or hepatitis C;
People with coagulation factor disorders;
People who have direct contact with people with hepatitis A;
Anyone who wants to get immune.
Cases where hepatitis A vaccine is not recommended
People in the following two categories should not get vaccinated against hepatitis A before consulting a specialist:
People with any serious allergies; In particular, a person who has been allergic to the hepatitis A vaccine or any component of the vaccine
The person who is sick has a fever or has recently had severe illness, fever;
People who have just been treated or are currently on any medications need to be consulted by a doctor before getting vaccinated.
People who are allergic to the components of the vaccine should not get the vaccine
Dosage of the hepatitis A vaccine
The hepatitis A vaccine is effective when given correctly and in full doses.
The dose for hepatitis A vaccine is 2 doses, 6 months apart.
The hepatitis A vaccine is also available in combination, containing both hepatitis A and B vaccines, which can be given to anyone 18 years of age and older. The combined vaccine is given at 3 intervals of at least 6 months.
The hepatitis A vaccine is highly effective in preventing infection with the hepatitis A virus. A shot of hepatitis A is repeated for long-term protection.
Side effects of the hepatitis A vaccine
The hepatitis A vaccine is considered safe and has no serious side effects.
Some side effects are usually mild and go away after a few days:
Soreness or redness at the injection site;
Like any medicine, there is only a very small percentage that the hepatitis A vaccine can cause a serious reaction. But the potential risk from hepatitis A is much greater than the potential risk associated with the hepatitis A vaccine. Therefore, an injection of hepatitis A vaccine is needed.
Is hepatitis A vaccine safe for pregnant women and nursing mothers?
The hepatitis A vaccine has not been well studied in pregnancy, but the inactivated vaccine is not thought to be at risk for a developing baby. One small study found no adverse effects on the outcome of a baby's birth or development from hepatitis A vaccination during pregnancy. However, most pregnant women do not choose to get the hepatitis A vaccine during pregnancy.
Breastfeeding mothers who are vaccinated with the hepatitis A vaccine can continue breastfeeding. Breastfeeding does not affect the effectiveness of the vaccine in either the mother or the baby.
Pregnant women often do not choose to have the hepatitis A vaccine during pregnancy
How much does a hepatitis A vaccine cost?
Depending on the origin, dosage, single vaccine (hepatitis A) or combination (with hepatitis B), the cost varies.
The cost of a hepatitis A vaccine varies from> 200,000 VND - <600,000 VND. With the answers above, you make the right choice to protect the health of yourself and your family./.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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