Is Hepatitis C Contagious And Which Way Does It Spread?

Hepatitis C, like other viral hepatitis, is a "silent killer" silently devastating the liver, causing many dangerous complications if it is not detected and treated in time.
The cause of hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus (Hepatitis C virus). This is the most contagious virus and is considered to be the most dangerous virus of all hepatitis viruses because it is a single-chain virus, penetrates directly into the body through blood and then destroys liver cells. Cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer.
Is hepatitis C contagious and how is it spread?
Hepatitis C is an infectious virus. Currently, more than 170 million people are infected with the hepatitis C virus in the world. In Vietnam, there are about 5 million people with hepatitis C, accounting for 6% of the population and this number is constantly increasing every year.
Hepatitis C is an infectious disease of a dangerous nature
Hepatitis C is spread through the following routes:
Blood sugar
Hepatitis C exists in the blood of patients

If healthy people have open sores exposed to the virus or healthy people sharing household utensils, medical equipment, receiving blood from hepatitis C virus carriers, they will become infected.


Is Hepatitis C Contagious And Which Way Does It Spread?


Sexual route
In addition to existing in the blood, hepatitis C virus is alive in the vaginal discharge, semen of patients. If unprotected sex, while having sex in a private area, oral sex with someone who has the hepatitis C virus, healthy people get the virus.
The way from mother to child
The hepatitis C virus, which lives in the mother's blood, attacks the placenta during delivery. When the placental membrane is shed, the hepatitis C virus travels from the mother's blood to the newborn.
It is worth noting that, unlike many people mistakenly believe, the hepatitis C virus is not transmitted via breast milk. However, according to health experts recommend, mothers with hepatitis C who are breast-feeding should express milk to store milk and preserve pasteurized milk.
This will help prevent the hepatitis C virus from spreading from a nipple in the mother's breast to your baby while nursing

Hepatitis C can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy
Subjects susceptible to hepatitis C
Based on the routes of transmission of the hepatitis C virus, it is possible to identify subjects at risk:
People often exposed to samples containing hepatitis C virus: Health workers, nurses, doctors, .


Is Hepatitis C Contagious And Which Way Does It Spread?

..
People who inject drugs, share needles and syringes.
People who share everyday appliances such as shared nails, nails, razors, toothbrushes, etc.
Sexually unsafe people do not use protective measures like condoms. People who have sex outside of a spouse with someone who has the hepatitis C virus.
Babies born to mothers with hepatitis C.
Is hepatitis C dangerous?
Hepatitis C is a dangerous disease, silently devastating the liver, symptoms only appear when the disease has become worse.


Is Hepatitis C Contagious And Which Way Does It Spread?

If hepatitis C is not detected and treated promptly, it can lead to dangerous complications. at high risk of death.
Cirrhosis
Hepatitis C attacks liver cells for a long time, causing Kupffer cells (a type of macrophage existing in the liver) to overreact, releasing inflammatory substances such as Leukotriene, Interleukin, TNF - α, TGF - β, ... damages liver cells, causing liver damage. Degenerated liver cells form scar tissue that causes the liver to harden, unable to recover and lead to cirrhosis.
Liver failure
Scar tissue caused by cirrhosis without proper intervention will lead to impaired liver function, greatly affecting the health of patients because the liver no longer plays a role in detoxifying the body.


Is Hepatitis C Contagious And Which Way Does It Spread?


Liver Cancer
People with hepatitis C are 12 times more likely to get liver cancer than normal people. Liver cancer is the most dangerous complication and is the final stage of hepatitis C. The disease has a high risk of death, long-term treatment, expensive and difficult.
Hepatitis C can turn into liver cancer
Other complications
In addition to complications in the liver, hepatitis C also affects other parts of the body due to impaired liver function such as: Pruritus, nerve damage, joint pain, diabetes, depression, ...
Preventing hepatitis C infection
No hepatitis C vaccine has been found. However, we can prevent hepatitis C in the following ways:
Do not share needles, household appliances, medical equipment.


Is Hepatitis C Contagious And Which Way Does It Spread?


If there is an open wound, care should be taken to avoid dressing contact with other people's open wounds.
Having safe sex, using condoms while having sex, having faithful sex with one husband and wife.
Mothers with hepatitis C during pregnancy should visit the hospital periodically to monitor and prevent hepatitis C virus from spreading to the fetus.
Increase your intake of fresh fruits and vegetables, and avoid eating greasy foods and preservatives to reduce the burden on the liver.
Limit drinking alcohol, beer, smoking.
Regular exercise and sports, health promotion..

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