Knowledge You Need To Know About Colitis
Colitis is not a strange disease for many Vietnamese people and it is a disease with a high rate of transformation into cancer. Therefore, understanding the information related to this disease is extremely necessary for patients to be more proactive in prevention as well as early detection for timely intervention.
What is Colitis?
The colon, also known as the large intestine, is an important part of the digestive system, functioning to metabolize food from the small intestine and exit it. Accordingly, the colon is divided into two segments, the left colon and the right colon with two different functions. This is also a part prone to many diseases because it is the place where feces are formed and excreted, so bacteria have many chances to multiply and cause disease
Colitis occurs when the inflammatory process causes damage to the lining of the colon with varying degrees of severity. In mild cases, the mucosa may bleed easily and cause even more severe pain, ulceration, hemorrhage or abscess in the colon will appear.
Severe abdominal pain due to colitis
Classification of colitis
Colitis is divided into two stages, acute colitis and chronic colitis
Acute colitis: This is considered the mildest level of colitis.
The disease is caused by intoxication or intestinal infection. If not treated promptly, the disease may turn into chronic for a long time;
Chronic colitis: During this period, the foci of inflammation has formed and developed worse in the colon, leading to the symptoms of lesions appear dense with varying degrees. If in a mild form, the mucosa of the colon is prone to bleeding, but worse, ulcers, bleeding and more dangerous than the abscess.
Common causes of colitis
The cause of colitis is detected due to many factors, but most of it is due to digestive tract infections resulting from unhygienic eating and living habits, which leads to opportunities for entry of bacteria and viruses enter the body. With each stage of colitis there are different causes that make up the disease.
The main cause of acute colitis is largely determined by an unhygienic diet and lifestyle. In many cases, patients are identified with colitis due to food poisoning and allergies to certain foods
This is because patients are not careful to use contaminated, undercooked or contaminated food.
Some types of bacteria and pathogenic microorganisms such as:
Parasites such as roundworm, hair worm, pinworm, amoebic dysentery;
Types of bacteria such as: tuberculosis bacteria, cholera bacteria (Vibrio cholerae), E.coli bacteria, typhoid bacteria (Salmonella), dysentery dysentery (Shigella);
Common fungi or viruses like Rotavirus.
In addition, there are a number of other causes that also affect the colon such as intestinal diseases, side effects of antibiotics, intoxication ...
In case of chronic colitis, it is divided into 2 main groups of causes: group with causes and group without causes.
Group of causes: Stemming from intoxication or intestinal infection caused by some bacteria and parasites such as E.coli, cholera, amoebic dysentery .
.. causing great inflammation Acute colon. Later, due to untreated and definitive treatment made the disease worse and developed into chronic colitis.
Group without causes: Some patients are diagnosed with chronic colitis but cannot find a specific cause.
Symptoms are common in patients with colitis
For each cause of the disease, the patient will have a few different symptoms. Similarly, patients with acute colitis also exhibit different symptoms from chronic colitis.
The common symptoms of patients with acute colitis are:
Abdominal pain: This is the most common manifestation that most colitis patients experience.
However, depending on the cause, the abdominal pain will have different properties such as cramps, episodic pain, episodic pain ...;
Diarrhea: This symptom also often occurs in patients with colitis. Specifically, in a day, the patient will be constantly going out and even though he is finished but still not comfortable. The stool will be liquid, water and bloody;
Anorexia, rapid weight loss: For patients with colitis often in the state of anorexia, loss of appetite, leading to fatigue makes the body lose weight quickly.
Fever: In some cases, patients with colitis may also experience fever and nausea.
These are general manifestations of acute colitis but each cause of the disease has its own distinct symptoms such as:
Causes of amoebic dysentery: The patient will experience intermittent cramps along the colon frame, especially in the position.
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