[learn] 3 Main Ways Of Infection With Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the HBV virus, potentially causing cirrhosis or liver cancer, which is life-threatening. Hepatitis B is known as the "silent killer" because it causes no symptoms until the patient's liver is badly damaged after a long illness.
Possibility of transmission of hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is a disease in the world, anyone can catch it and it is extremely contagious. Although there has been a vaccine against the hepatitis B virus for more than 20 years, the disease continues to spread with a very high rate of infection. The possibility of transmission is 50 - 100 times higher than HIV.
The hepatitis B virus can survive outside the body for at least 7 days and still be contagious. The average incubation period for hepatitis B virus is 75 days, which can vary from 30 to 180 days.
Illustration of the hepatitis B virus
The three main routes of infection for hepatitis B
The hepatitis B virus is found in vaginal and seminal fluid
, oral or anal sex, rough sex that causes scratches on the skin or mucous membranes that facilitate the transmission of hepatitis B virus through blood, homosexual, collective, and relationship with prostitutes ...
The hepatitis B virus exists primarily in the blood, so you can become infected through blood through hepatitis B when receiving blood contaminated with hepatitis B, sharing needles, in direct contact with the blood of infected patients. open injuries, using surgical instruments that have not been properly sterilized, sharing personal items with a high rate of blood stains from patients such as razors, toothbrushes, tattoo tools, tooth extraction tools , manicure and pedicure tools ..
From mother to child
Women with hepatitis B during pregnancy will spread from mother to fetus.
If the mother has a gram B pill during the first 3 months, the rate of transmission to the child is 1%, the first 3 months of pregnancy is 10%, the last 3 months of pregnancy is 70%. Without protection immediately after birth, this rate can be as high as 90%.
The degree of infection depends on the amount of virus present in the mother during the last 3 months of pregnancy, and the level of HBeAg in the pregnant mother.
If you have hepatitis B during pregnancy, don't worry. You need to be monitored and checked regularly to promptly detect serious symptoms. Follow your doctor's instructions to protect your baby from the risk of this disease.
Hepatitis B is spread from mother to child
Answering information about hepatitis B transmitted by eating and drinking
Hepatitis B is not spread by food and water, sharing eating utensils, breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, holding hands, coughing, sneezing or other common contact. But through sex, blood, from mother to child, through injecting drugs, sharing personal belongings contaminated with blood or fluid of the patient .
... Therefore, it is not necessary to isolate patients.
Is hepatitis B again infected?
People with hepatitis B, when treated to remove the virus, produce antibodies that protect them from re-infection. Therefore, hepatitis B patients have removed the uninfected HBV virus.
However, there are some special cases or people who get the disease from an early age will carry the disease throughout their lives because they cannot treat the virus completely in the body.
Prevention of hepatitis B
The most effective way to prevent vaccination today is to get the hepatitis B vaccine for everyone.
According to the expanded vaccination program, children receive 4 shots, the first shot is given within 24 hours after birth, the nose after each 1 month, with adults 3 shots, 2 shots a month, 6 months after the 3rd injection.
Besides, there are many ways to prevent such as using condoms when having sex, covering all cuts or open wounds, not sharing razors, toothbrushes, needles, tattoo tools. pictures, pedicure tools or earrings for anyone…. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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