[liver Disease] Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment
Fatty liver is a very common disease but people think it is harmless. In fact, fatty liver can cause hepatitis, cirrhosis, and even liver cancer if left untreated for a long time. What causes fatty liver? What are the symptoms? And how to treat? Please refer to the following article.
Fatty liver is what disease?
Fatty liver is the phenomenon of excessive accumulation of fat in liver tissue and inflammation. Fatty liver in the first stage is basically not harmful, but prolonged symptoms of hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis and impair liver function. Fatty liver is not spread from person to person, nor is it passed from generation to generation.
Causes of fatty liver
Alcoholic beverages: The most common cause of fatty liver is drinking too much alcohol, alcoholic beverages. Besides, they also reduce the effectiveness of drug treatment
Obesity: The risk of fatty liver disease in obese people is many times higher than people of normal weight.
The body of obese people often provide fat that exceeds the body's absorption limit, causing fat accumulation in the liver.
High blood fat: Lipid in the blood passes through the liver too much, the level of cholesterol in the blood rises, if it exceeds the metabolism of the liver, it will cause fat in the blood to remain in the liver, causing fatty liver.
Diabetes: Diabetes is essentially a disorder of glucose metabolism, high blood sugar will form a covering which causes the liver to lose its cholesterol metabolism function, leading to the accumulation of cholesterol, causing fatty liver.
Weight loss is too fast: Weight loss is too fast that the body can not synthesize apolipoprotein causing triglycerides to accumulate in the liver, which will cause fat in the liver for a long time.
Side effects of some medicines: Some medicines to treat blood fat, tuberculosis can have side effects that cause liver damage, causing fatty liver.
Heavy drinking is a cause of liver disease
Subject with fatty liver
Fatty liver is a very common disease, anyone can get it. Especially those who drink a lot of alcohol, obesity, diabetes, hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism, polycystic ovary syndrome
Manifestations of steatosis through each stage
This is the lightest stage, is less dangerous and shows no signs, so it is very difficult to detect the disease. The amount of fat in the liver is about 5 - 10% of the total weight of the liver. So if detected early and treated promptly, it can be cured.
This is the period of accumulation, raising disease. The amount of fat in the liver accounts for 10 - 20% of the total weight of the liver, so it can appear as anorexia, indigestion, bloating, nausea, fatigue ...
These expressions are very common so patients are often subjective. , without going for a health check, the disease has a chance of getting worse and quickly turning bad to stage 3.
This is the final stage of disease progression, the amount of fat accounting for 20-30% of the total weight of the liver. Patients will feel pain in the lower right flank, jaundice, yellow eyes, angiomas emerging on the skin, anorexia, fatigue, rapid weight loss. In addition, patients also have hormonal disorders, a small number of male patients develop mammary glands and erections. Women are menstruating, menstrual disorders.
The disease at this stage cannot be cured, only palliative treatment and prevention of complications leading to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.
Consequences of fatty liver
Fat covers liver cells more and more, making liver function decline, limiting the anti-toxic role of the liver, creating favorable conditions for toxins, viruses, bacteria, parasites from intestine and side In addition to invasion causes hepatitis.
Fatty hepatitis causes the liver to become rapidly depleted, thereby seriously affecting health and increasing mortality. Therefore, steatohepatitis needs to be screened early to prevent this dangerous complication.
Fatty liver causes cells to overreact to produce fibrous fibers. These fibers are increasing, causing damage, necrosis of liver cells, altering the structure of the liver, forming scar tissue making the liver hard, unable to recover leading to cirrhosis.
Fatty liver progresses silently and its biggest damage is liver cancer. Liver cancer is based on the development of fatty fibrosis.
Illustration of inflamed liver
How to diagnose fatty liver
Blood test: Check Cholesterol, Triglyceride, quantify of liver enzymes AST, ALT, GGT to see if it increases. If fatty liver progression to cirrhosis is suspected, further testing of Bilirubin, Albumin, baseline coagulation, and blood protein is required.
Hepatitis Virus Test: Check for hepatitis A, B and C viruses to prevent combination viral hepatitis.
Abdominal ultrasound: A quick, simple, non-invasive method to diagnose fatty liver. If cirrhosis is suspected, ultrasound can be measured for elasticity.
Treatment of fatty liver
Lose weight: Must lose weight for obese people with fatty liver. Safe weight loss will reduce liver damage and improve insulin resistance. Avoid ways to lose weight fast by it. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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