Liver Disease Is Dangerous? Signs Of Identification, Treatment And Prevention
Liver cysts are not very common benign liver-related conditions, accounting for only 5% of the population. However, some cases of liver cysts can affect the health of patients. Please refer to the following article to better understand cystic liver disease.
What is cystic liver disease?
In the liver there are usually vesicles, which when filled with cysts, filled with fluid or mucus. The liver cyst is considered a benign tumor and is unlikely to develop into cancer. In particular, this disease only accounts for about 5% of the population and usually less frequent in people under 40 years old.
Illustration of cystic liver disease
Classification of liver cysts
Different types of cysts will have different symptoms and treatments. There are 4 common types of liver cysts, including:
Polycystic liver disease
Cysts caused by parasites (cysts)
Cysts are simply congenital cysts, which usually heal by themselves without treatment
In particular, when the follicle develops, the abdomen will become larger, even palpable.
The doctor will order patients with ultrasound, CT scans and MRI to see anatomical images of the liver cysts from which offer appropriate treatment. With simple hepatic cysts, patients can be treated with aspiration or fibrosis, laparoscopy or open surgery to open the cyst.
Polycystic liver disease
This is a genetic-related pathology caused by the dominant gene PRKCSH and SEC63 or PKD1 and PKD2 genes. Formation disease is often accompanied by kidney disease.
Therefore, patients will be tested for both kidney and liver function by ultrasound, CT scan and MRI to help diagnose polycystic liver.
Polycystic liver disease is usually treated with methods such as biopsy, aspiration, fibrosis, liver transplant
Cysts (due to echinoccocus)
Tapeworm cysts formed by patients infected with echinococcus granulosus parasite - a type of tapeworm parasites in animals such as buffalo, sheep .
.. Common symptoms of the disease are jaundice, cholangitis ...
Cysts usually do not have specific symptoms, or may appear with symptoms of pain in the lower right flank.
Cyst (cyst neoplasm)
Cysts often have symptoms similar to many other conditions such as: bloating, nausea and feeling full, abdominal pain, obstruction of the bile ducts ..
The treatment for cysts is removal of the tumor, but it may recur after it is completely removed.
Causes of liver cysts
Due to congenital inheritance - mutations of the dominant gene PRKCSH and SEC63 or genes PKD1 and PKD2;
Due to parasites, viruses, tapeworm infections and tuberculosis bacteria;
Due to the structure of the liver;
Due to complications of malformations in the bile duct.
How to diagnose cystic liver disease?
The majority of cystic liver disease is asymptomatic and is often discovered by accident when the patient performs abdominal imaging procedures such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
If one or two liver cysts are detected, the person usually does not need to be treated. But in many cases of cysts or large-sized cysts, you need to see a doctor for advice on appropriate and effective treatment.
Most cystic liver disease is detected by CT (or MRI) scan
Liver disease is dangerous?
Liver cysts are benign unless the cancer has spread from an area other than the liver, large or large. Most patients have only 1-2 capsules, the size is usually less than 4cm.
However, a small number of patients have very large liver cysts, which can contain up to 1-2 liters of fluid.
Some complications may occur in large cysts
Bile duct compression causes symptoms of jaundice, causing portal vein hypertension;
Follicular rupture or hemorrhage;
If mobile, the cyst may be twisted;
Hepatic cysts may be superinfected, causing liver abscess.
Methods of treating liver cyst disease
Most liver cysts may clear on their own without treatment. In case of too large or malignant size cysts, surgery is needed. Methods used to treat cystic liver disease include:
Medical treatment: Patients use oral medication to relieve symptoms, especially liver cysts caused by liver fluke or tuberculosis bacteria.
Surgical treatment: In case of a cyst of more than 5cm size, pinching other organs, surgical intervention is necessary. The doctor performs laparoscopic surgery to remove the liver cyst, especially those with cysts or adenocarcinoma.
In case of polycystic liver bleeding, causing severe pain, greatly affecting liver function, liver transplantation must be performed.
Notes on the diet for patients with liver cysts
Removing milk and dairy products from the diet by the natural hormones in milk promotes the development of cysts and mucus in the body;
Limit drinking alcohol, not eating too much sugar; limit contact with chemicals ...;
Using good quality liver tonic will help protect liver cells from dangers and restore damaged liver cells;
Selenium supplements help the liver to increase production of glutathione, an antioxidant;
Enhance fresh fruits and vegetables, especially kale, broccoli, beets and onions. Add carrots and apples to make your liver more comfortable.
People with liver disease. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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