Purulent meningitis is not just a children's disease that can be encountered at any age. In the hot summer days, many cases of adult patients come to the hospital in an emergency because of the factors that cause meningitis, most hospitalizations with complicated complications ... It is noteworthy that when the summer weather is hot and humid, it is suitable for the factors that cause purulent meningitis in adults to develop.
Who is susceptible to disease?
Alcoholics, background diseases such as ear injury, sinusitis, traumatic brain injury, and immunodeficiency are high-risk subjects, susceptible to infections due to infections, poor resistance .
At the Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases, a few hundred patients with meningitis come to the hospital every year, most of whom are hospitalized with complicated complications, so those who are late to the hospital should be lucky to escape. death but suffered severe consequences throughout life, loss of ability to work, exercise
Purulent meningitis occurs in adults with many causes, most often due to pneumococcal, meningococcal, staphylococcal bacteria from the ear, nose and throat, lungs that follow the bloodstream into the brain, can also directly enter the brain When traumatic cranial trauma, people with ear diseases, sinusitis, traumatic brain injury, or diabetes due to immunocompromised E.coli infection are susceptible to meningitis.
This is a common disease on hot days, usually onset with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection, high fever above 39 degrees C, headache, runny nose, cough, rare cases. If the body does not have a high fever, it can easily be mistaken for flu, sore throat and rhinitis.
However, for meningococcal disease headache symptoms are characteristic manifestations. At that time, the patient took pain medicine and the disease did not get better
How to prevent meningitis in adults?
Due to many agents causing purulent meningitis in adults with conditions that develop during the hot, humid summer, especially staph.
Just a small injury to the ear causing staph to invade can have serious consequences for the brain.
Therefore, the issue of body hygiene and thorough treatment of underlying diseases is an important measure to prevent meningitis in adults. In addition, people should get vaccinated against Hib disease, which will reduce the risk of the disease by over 90%.
Currently, prevention of Hib disease through immunization is becoming increasingly important as antibiotic resistance is increasing.
It is known that from June 2010 all Vietnamese children under 1 year of age have been vaccinated with 5 in 1 vaccines, including Hib vaccine component, to prevent this dangerous disease.
Different from the virus agent when causing antibody, but with bacteria can re-infection at any time with favorable conditions for bacteria to invade.
Although this is a disease that can be cured with antibiotics, the antibiotic resistance of bacteria is also a difficulty in fighting this pathology..
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