Methods To Test Stomach Hp, Which Method Should Be Chosen Best?
Stomach test is a test to look for Helicobacter pylori in the stomach and duodenum. Thereby, determining the cause of peptic ulcer caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria and having appropriate treatment measures.
Why do you need to test your stomach HP?
Stomach test or Helicobacter pylori test is used to detect Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in the stomach and upper part of the small intestine (duodenum). H
Thus, the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) test is done to:
Look for H
Find out if digestive symptoms are caused by H.
Find out if treating H. pylori infection is effective
Why do I need to test for H. pylori?
Who should test stomach hp?
You may need tests if you have symptoms of digestive disorders. Because peptic ulcers cause inflammation of the stomach lining, they share many symptoms:
Nausea and vomiting
Loss of appetite
Abdominal pain, nausea, flatulence are one of the common symptoms of stomach disease
Methods of testing the stomach HP
Testing for antibodies in the blood
A blood test checks to see if your body makes antibodies to H. pylori. If you have antibodies to H. pylori in the blood, it means you are currently infected or have been infected in the past
A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle.
After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood is collected into a test tube or vial.
Technicians take blood for testing and make an appointment to return results
The method has advantages:
Suitable for all subjects
The method is not suitable for patients suffering from blood diseases or being treated with any medication that requires consultation with a doctor.
Take time to wait
This method does not identify the condition of stomach damage, but only determine whether the patient has hp or not.
Stool antigen test
Collect stool from the patient for up to 30 minutes after defecation and antigen test for H. pylori antigen present in the stool. A stool test may be done to help diagnose H. pylori infection or to find out whether treatment of H. pylori infection is successful.
Sample collection process:
The patient wears a pair of rubber gloves
Manually sample stool into vials and tubes provided by the laboratory
Ensure there is no urine, other water, or toilet paper mixed with the sample
Remove gloves and wash hands
Provide samples for laboratories
This method has advantages:
Suitable for most subjects.
The patient needs to sample in the right way and up to 30 minutes after sampling
Feces must be tested or they will give inaccurate results
Take time to wait
Breath test hp
HP breath test or urea breath test to see if you have H. pylori in your stomach. This test can show if you have H. pylori infection or are used to see if treatment is effective to remove H. pylori.
Check for infection by measuring certain substances in your breath.
The patient breathes into the original breath instrument
The patient swallowed one tablet containing urea with some water
The patient breathes into the device according to the required time and wait
Technicians compare if the second sample has a higher concentration of carbon dioxide than the first one is a sign of H.
This method has advantages:
Suitable for many objects, easy to carry out.
However, the disadvantages are:
patients on antibiotic treatment and some medications are not taken for 4 weeks.
The method is not suitable for pregnant women, nursing mothers, children under 6 years old
Patients with pulmonary, cardiac diseases, undergoing drug treatment should consult a physician.
Stomach biopsy takes a small sample from the stomach lining and small intestine during the colonoscopy. Perform tests with samples taken to find hp bacteria. Gastroscopy can accurately diagnose inflammation and precancer signs.
The patient lies on his side on the endoscope table
Patients can be anesthetized if indicated to reduce discomfort and pain during the procedure (some modern machines and technologies can also reduce this feeling without anesthesia).
The doctor inserts a long, small, thin tube called an endoscope into your mouth and throat (or nasal passages). The endoscope has a light and a camera on it that allows the doctor to look inside the stomach and duodenum and detect ulcers.
The biopsy (take a small sample of tissue) to check after the procedure
After the procedure, the anesthetized patient may take a short rest, the anesthetized patient should rest and be monitored further.
This is a commonly used method because:
Can identify the status of mucosal damage (whether or not the patient has ulcers, to what extent)
Can detect precancer
The downside is:
Irritating to the patient in. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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