8 Dangerous But Very Common Rectal Diseases
Rectal cancer is a dangerous disease due to unknown causes, the signs are easily confused with other pathologies. It is the fourth leading cause of death after lung, stomach and liver cancers. Rectal cancer has become a worry without exception.
What is the rectum? Where?
The rectum is a stool of the colon belonging to the digestive organ, which is actually an intestinal passage between the colon and the anal canal 11 to 15cm long. At an angle, the rectum is curved in the front shape of the coccyx and is composed of 5 layers: mucosa - submucosa - muscular layer (including sphincter inside and longitudinal muscle outside) - layer sub serosa - serosa layer
The rectum plays a very important role in keeping waste and participating directly in the elimination process. Depending on gender, the rectum varies slightly:
In men: The rectum is located behind the bladder, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, prostate, is separated by the bladder and connected to the center of the pelvis;
In women: The rectum is usually located in the uterus, vagina. The rectum attaches to the uterus body, cervix and vaginal arch forward
The main function of the rectum
The rectum plays a major role in storing waste and participating in the body's elimination process. Specifically, this process will take place as follows:
After the food has been squeezed and digested by the stomach, it will be transferred to the small intestine, colon, and finally to the rectum. At this time, bacteria in the rectum will receive liquid and dissociated food to separate minerals, vitamins that help the body absorb maximum nutrients from food. Any excess, undigested or unhelpful to the body will be retained by the rectum.
Defecation is an active process and is the main function of the rectum to remove waste products from the body. The normal process of defecation will take place as follows: First, the colon will mobilize to bring waste to the rectum, stimulating nerves to transmit information to the cerebral cortex. When the cerebral cortex responds to information, it helps the body feel like it needs to defecate
It can be said that the rectum is an extremely important part. If the rectum is in trouble, it is likely that our waste will not be ejected, cannot defecate normally and will greatly affect the functioning of the body.
8 Common dangerous rectal diseases
Inflammation of the rectum can simply mean that the patient has ulcerative lesions that appear around the outer mucosa of the rectum.
This is a disease regardless of age, gender and anyone can get it, especially those who have habits such as: regularly smoking, using alcoholic beverages: alcohol, beer; Using unhygienic food, foods that have not been thoroughly cooked, polluted water sources ... damage the mucosa, resulting in rectal inflammation. People who use antibiotics for a long time can kill beneficial bacteria that cause an imbalance in the intestinal microflora, which damages the lining of the rectum.
There are also a few other causes such as transmission, gonorrhea (having sex with an infected person, irritating the rectum mucosa, leading to rectal inflammation), due to psychological stress, prolonged stress, or due to the habit of eating less fiber, drinking less water is also a common cause.
Rectal inflammation is the most typical pathology of rectal diseases. Pathology occurs when the patient's rectum is damaged, resulting in an ulcer. This pathology greatly affects the functioning of the digestive system, affecting health and quality of life.
The rectum is identified as the last organ of the gastrointestinal tract, also the organ more likely to appear tumors than other organs in the body. These tumors are called rectal tumors. Rectal tumors have 2 types, including benign and malignant tumors.
Usually, rectal tumors are usually benign tumors.
However, it cannot be ruled out that these tumors develop into malignant tumors that lead to cancer and endanger the lives of patients.
Therefore, the distinction between benign and malignant tumors is very important, which will help patients to have a timely direction and treatment.
Rectal prolapse is a part or all of the rectal prolapse or protrudes through the anus and we can see or touch by hand. The disease appears common and has no age limit.
Rectal prolapse is divided into two main types: rectal prolapse and full rectal prolapse. Depending on the severity of the disease, rectal prolapse may not show any symptoms. But in severe cases, mucus can appear from the anus, bleeding in the rectum and causing symptoms of stool obstruction.
Ulcerative colorectal bleeding
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