Note When Using Ephedrine For Stuffy Nose
Ephedrine is one of the drugs that is very familiar to users, the main ingredient in sulfarin medicine (medicine used for nasal drops) .In addition, the drug also has forms, injections, aerosols, syrup ... This is the drug used to symptomatic treatment of nasal congestion (often accompanied by a cold), allergic rhinitis, rhinitis, sinusitis; Prevention or treatment of hypotension in spinal anesthesia; Prevention of bronchospasm in asthma (but this is not the first choice)
The mechanism of action has been shown, with therapeutic doses, ephedrine increases blood pressure due to increased cardiac output and peripheral vasoconstriction (so do not use this drug for patients with hypertension and do not use with anti-hypertensive drugs hypertension).
Ephedrine also causes bronchiectasis, decreased tone and intestinal motility, relaxes the muscles of the bladder wall, while contracting the muscles of the bladder neck, it dilates the bladder pubic muscles and often reduces uterine contractions.
The drug stimulates the respiratory center, dilates the pupils but does not affect light reflection
This drug should not be used in the following cases: Patients with hypersensitivity to ephedrine, patients being treated with monoaminoxydase inhibitors, patients with hyperthyroidism and unable to adjust, patients with untreated hypokalemia.
When taking this drug, patients may see urinary retention or difficulty urinating. And even at therapeutic doses can also cause patients to feel palpitations.
In patients who are sensitive to the drug, low doses can cause insomnia, anxiety, even confusion, especially when taking the drug simultaneously with caphein.
A small number of patients experience dizziness, headache, sweating or abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, etc. Medications can cause paradoxical sedation in children and excessive self-medication can lead to psychosis.
Therefore, when taking this drug to pay attention:
- Do not use ephedrine after 4pm because the drug has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system causing difficulty sleeping or insomnia; Do not use more than 7 consecutive days
- Not recommended for children under 3 years old
- Be careful when assigning to patients with heart failure, angina pectoris, diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism and patients taking digitalis (heart medication), elderly patients
Ephedrine may increase dysuria in patients with prostatic hypertrophy.
Frequent or prolonged administration of ephedrine may result in a reversible nasal congestion.
When used, the dose of ephedrine used in the form of aerosol or nasal drops can still cause systemic effects.
Prolonged use does not cause cumulative effects but can cause drug dependence and dependence on drugs and drug addiction. This drug should not be used during the first 3 months of pregnancy and breastfeeding.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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