Nutrition For The Elderly
Nutrition for the elderly needs to be concerned, because at this stage, their digestive system begins to decline in performance, less salivary glands ... make elderly people feel indigestion, eat not tasty.
Note about nutrition for the elderly
In addition, the risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, fatty blood
If young people need 2,500 Kcal per day, then when 60 years old, only 2,000 Kcal and 70 years old only need 1,800 Kcal is enough.
For the elderly, it is necessary to divide food into small meals, eat slowly, chew food thoroughly. Increase plant-based foods (sesame, peanuts, beans, green vegetables and ripe fruits), reduce the amount of meat and replace it with fish. Processing steamed and boiled dishes to replace fried or grilled dishes.
Pay attention to the nutrition of the elderly to ensure the best health
Regularly change the menu, avoid monotonous, pay attention to the soft food, chopped stew well, the soup quality easy to digest.
Do not eat too full, especially in the evening, because when lying down, the stomach will expand and push the diaphragm into compression, hindering the operation of the heart.
After eating, should sit or walk gently for 30 minutes to help stomach kneading and mixing food to move down the small intestine more easily
Eggs are a high-cholesterol food that is not good for cardiovascular disease, but also contains lecithin in the egg to help metabolize cholesterol.
So, to be reconciled, every week the elderly should eat 3 eggs.
Add fat, reduce sugar
If you are not obese, do not have cardiovascular disease, blood fat is not high, the elderly need to replenish fat daily. According to nutrition experts, the energy provided by fat should reach 20% of the total dietary energy.
That means our diet is still low in fat, especially in many rural areas, so we shouldn't over-emphasize vegetable oils and forget about animal fats.
Elderly people should limit eating sugar to avoid the risk of diabetes, heart disease
For older persons, eating lots of sugar is not good for health because it will increase the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease ...
How much carbohydrate you eat is also dependent on the energy needs of each person (obesity, physical activity more or less .
..) but for the elderly in general, should reduce the amount of sugar and flour in the diet .
Proper diet reduces blood pressure and prevents atherosclerosis. Therefore, the elderly should only eat salt less than 4-5g / day.
According to some epidemiological studies, the proportion of people with saline eating habits is much higher than that of populations with lighter eating habits.
Also need a diet rich in potassium. Potassium is found in many vegetables and fruits such as amaranth, cucumbers, cabbage, cauliflower, kohlrabi, lettuce, peas, bean sprouts, watercress, tomatoes, carrots, oranges, lemons, bananas.
, plum, apricot, watermelon ...
The use of calcium-rich foods (milk and milk products) is also important but buttermilk should be used.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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