Possible Reactions When Infants Get Hepatitis B Vaccine

The hepatitis B vaccine is very safe, has been injected in many countries around the world. Like other drugs, using the hepatitis B vaccine can cause even small reactions.
However, because the vaccine is given to children within the first 24 hours after birth, they can be "unjustly sentenced" when the child dies or there is a strong reaction. The National Immunization Program says that after getting vaccinated against hepatitis B, children may experience certain reactions but can handle it.
What reactions may occur after the injection
The hepatitis B vaccine is a recombinant vaccine, so it is safe to get the hepatitis B virus when the vaccine is given, so it is safe for the baby to get the vaccine for 24 hours after birth.
After injection, there may be common reactions such as pain at the injection site with the rate of 3-9%, fever above 37.7 ° C in the rate of 0.4 to 8%, anaphylactic shock is a rare reaction

recorded with an estimated rate of 1 case per 600 thousand to 1 million doses of vaccine.


Possible Reactions When Infants Get Hepatitis B Vaccine

According to the General Statistics Office, infant mortality accounts for 73% of all deaths under 1 year of age. Among them, deaths in the first 24 hours after birth account for nearly half (47%) of the neonatal deaths.
There are many causes of neonatal mortality such as premature birth, asphyxiation, respiratory diseases, deformities, infections, hemorrhage, jaundice ... coinciding with the time of hepatitis B vaccination for children.
How to detect reaction after injection
First, mothers need to know their children have been vaccinated for hepatitis B

After the vaccination, children should be monitored for 30 minutes at the point of vaccination and told mothers to monitor at least one day (24 hours) after the baby was injection.


Possible Reactions When Infants Get Hepatitis B Vaccine


After the injection, the baby may fuss more, mothers should pay more attention to the baby and breastfeed when the baby is awake, not lying to breastfeed. After injection, children may have common reactions such as fever, pain or swelling at the injection site, fussing ... so mothers need to breastfeed more or drink more water, monitor children.

If the above reactions last more than a day or the reaction becomes more severe, such as a high fever or other abnormal symptoms (prolonged crying, cyanosis, shortness of breath, low sucking, abstention, etc.), Children should be taken immediately to health facilities.
Does the globulin antibiotic injection for children if the mother is infected with the hepatitis B virus?
Getting hepatitis B vaccine in the first 24 hours after birth can prevent over 90% of mother-to-child transmission.


Possible Reactions When Infants Get Hepatitis B Vaccine

The effect of using only the hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours after birth or using the hepatitis B vaccine with HBIG is similar.
If the vaccination rate in the first 24 hours after birth is not done well, the risk of hepatitis B outbreak in the community in the next generation is something that was heralded.
Therefore, for the health of the child and the community, they need to be vaccinated against hepatitis B as soon as possible, especially within the first 24 hours after birth. When vaccinated against hepatitis B within 24 hours of birth, children are given free births at provincial, district hospitals and commune health stations..

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