Postpartum Disease: Recognize, Treat And Prevent Effectively
The woman after 10 months of 10 days of pregnancy is full of hardships, the process of going through arduous and full of difficulties to be "a mother with a perfect baby", they also have to face the worries about postpartum diseases. So, let's learn more about these illnesses to keep our health after pregnancy safe.
What is postpartum disease?
Postpartum postpartum is a group of psychological and physical conditions that a mother usually experiences during her stay, usually 42 days from the date of birth.
How to identify and treat common postpartum complications
Infection after birth
Postpartum infection is an infection that occurs in women after giving birth from the genital tract, such as the vagina, cervix or uterus, during the first 6 weeks after birth. Postpartum infection is an obstetric event that has many health-threatening and even life-threatening causes
Symptoms identify postpartum infection
The discharge has a foul odor
May have a fever
The uterus contracts slowly and pain
Treatment of postpartum infections
Do not have conjugal activities immediately after birth, when health has not recovered. Reproductive organs are urgently needed to 'rest' after going through pregnancy, labor, and early postnatal sex, which can cause damage to the vagina and reproductive organs, leading to infection. bacterial infection
Daily to keep the genital area dry, clean, do not use rough paper or scented wet towels to clean the vagina.
Avoid walking a lot, avoid early movement during 1 month postpartum.
Regularly clean, replace blankets and pillows.
Clean the vagina with boiling water to be warm, never douche deeply in the vagina to avoid injury.
Continuous change of underwear to keep the genital area dry to avoid postpartum infection is also a good thing a pregnant woman should do.
If you notice discoloration or a foul odor in the discharge, painful or swollen genitals, tell your doctor right away. 2 weeks after giving birth, take the initiative in re-examination to make sure your health status, prevent postpartum infection and detect problems, propose timely treatment plan.
Pregnant women are defined as having postpartum haemorrhage if the amount of blood continues to exceed 500ml postpartum vaginally or over 1,000ml after cesarean section
Symptoms identify the risk of postpartum haemorrhage
Patients with manifestations of shock: fatigue, cyanosis, pale skin, thirst, small pulse, blood pressure may drop (the more severe the bleeding, the more the blood pressure decreases)
Massive bleeding from the uterus through the vagina out.
Bleeding with varying degrees and morphology
In some cases, the blood does not flow through the vagina much but stays in the uterus or forms hematomas.
Treatment of risk of postpartum haemorrhage
Recommendations of the World Health Organization on remedies for postpartum haemorrhage
Intravenous oxytocin is a first-line uterotonics that is recommended for postpartum haemorrhage.
If oxytocin is not available or bleeding does not respond to oxytocin therapy, intravenous ergometrine, combined oxytocin-ergometrine or prostaglandin drugs (including sublingual misoprostol 800mg) are recommended.
Isotonic solutions should be preferred prior to the use of colloidal solutions during primary resuscitation for women with postpartum haemorrhage.
Tranexamic acid should be used to treat postpartum haemorrhage if oxytocin and other inotropic drugs stop bleeding or if traumatic bleeding is suspected.
Uterine massage is recommended to treat postpartum haemorrhage.
If a woman is unresponsive to uterotonics or uterotonic is not available, the uterine balloon is recommended for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage due to uterine atony.
If other measures fail and if possible, uterine artery embolization can be used as a treatment for postpartum haemorrhage due to uterine atony.
If the bleeding does not stop even though the woman has been treated with uterotonics and surgical interventions (such as uterine massage, uterine balloon), surgical intervention is recommended in schools. this match.
Two-sided intrauterine insertion is recommended for temporary use for tamponade until a suitable treatment is available for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage due to uterine atony after normal delivery.
Blocking the external aorta to treat postpartum haemorrhage due to postpartum uterine dysfunction is usually recommended as a temporary measure until appropriate alternative treatments are in place.
The use of uterine swabs is not recommended for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage due to normal postpartum uterine spasms.
If the placenta does not naturally open, use Oxytocin 10UI intravenously m. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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