Pregnancy: The Important Thing To Do Is Ultrasound
Important pregnancy ultrasound during pregnancy helps doctors monitor the development of the fetus and screen for potential problems.
What is fetal ultrasound?
Fetal ultrasound (ultrasound) is an imaging technique that uses sound waves to create images of the fetus in the womb. Fetal ultrasound images can help the doctor assess the baby's growth and development and monitor the pregnancy of the pregnant woman. In some cases, fetal ultrasound is used to evaluate possible problems or help confirm the diagnosis.
The first fetal ultrasound is usually done in the first trimester to confirm pregnancy and estimate delivery time. If the pregnancy is uncomplicated, the next ultrasound scan takes place during the second trimester, when the full details of the fetus are seen. If your baby is suspected of a problem, your doctor will order additional imaging tests, such as an MRI.
Images of pregnancy ultrasound
Classification of fetal ultrasound
There are two main types of fetal ultrasound tests:
With this fetal ultrasound, a wand-like device called a transducer will be placed in the woman's vagina to emit sound waves and collect reflections
Ultrasound through the abdominal wall
Ultrasound is performed by moving the transducer through the abdomen of the pregnant woman.
Ultrasound 2D, 3D, 4D
Ultrasound uses non-invasive sound waves so it is very safe, providing 2-dimensional, 3-dimensional and 4-dimensional images of the fetus. This type of ultrasound is sometimes used to help doctors detect facial abnormalities or neural tube defects.
Doppler ultrasound measures the small changes in ultrasound waves on the blood vessels to help detect abnormalities such as fetal growth retardation, pre-eclampsia, placental implants, etc. It can also provide details about your baby's blood flow. little.
Using ultrasound provides detailed information about the baby's heart
The importance of fetal ultrasound
Ultrasound during pregnancy plays an important role in helping doctors monitor the development of the fetus and early detection of birth defects (if any).
During the first 3 months, an ultrasound is used to assess the presence, size and location of the pregnancy, determine the number of fetuses and estimate the time of delivery. Ultrasound can also be used for genetic screening in the first trimester, as well as screening for abnormalities of the uterus or cervix of a woman.
During the second or third trimester, standard ultrasound is done to assess some characteristics of pregnancy, including fetal anatomy. Ultrasound is usually done between 18 and 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Fetal ultrasound plays an important role during pregnancy
Also the doctor can use fetal ultrasound to:
Confirmation of pregnancy and fetal position: Some fetuses develop outside the uterus, in fallopian tubes. Fetal ultrasound can help the doctor detect an ectopic pregnancy.
Determining your gestational age: Knowing your baby's age can help your doctor determine your date of birth and keep track of the various milestones throughout pregnancy.
Confirmation of number of fetuses: If a doctor suspects multiple pregnancies, an ultrasound may be performed to confirm the number of babies
Evaluate fetal growth: Your doctor may use ultrasound to determine whether your fetus is developing at a normal rate. Ultrasound can be used to track your baby's movements, breathing and heart rate.
Study the placenta and amniotic fluid level: The placenta provides the fetus with important nutrients and oxygen-rich blood. Too much or too little amniotic fluid (fluid surrounding the baby) in the womb during pregnancy or complications with the placenta require special attention. Ultrasound can help evaluate the placenta and amniotic fluid around the baby.
Identify birth defects. Ultrasound can help doctors screen for some birth defects.
Identify the cause of complications: If a woman has bleeding or other complications, an ultrasound can help the doctor determine the cause.
Perform other prenatal tests: Your doctor may use ultrasound to guide the placement of needles in certain prenatal tests, such as amniocentesis or chorionic villi sampling.
Locate the fetus before birth: Most babies are positioned first at the end of the third trimester. Ultrasound images can show the location of the fetus so that the doctor can recommend appropriate methods of delivery.
Three important pregnancy ultrasound landmarks
In fact, many mothers are subjective that pregnancy ultrasound at any time. If it is a malformation, it will be detected immediately by ultrasound machine. But the truth is not quite as you think.
There are malformations detected only by ultrasound at a certain time of pregnancy. Even if the machine is good, the ultrasound at the right time when the doctor diagnoses an inexperienced anomaly will be difficult to detect abnormal signs in the fetus.
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