Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer

The hot and humid summer climate is favorable for many agents that cause diarrhea to enter the body. The disease is common in places with poor sanitary conditions, contaminated food. The elderly, children are vulnerable subjects, can kidney failure, vascular collapse if not emergency timely.
Diarrhea with manifestations of dysentery syndrome
Bacillus dysentery: The cause is caused by Shigella. Clinical manifestations with symptoms of cramping abdominal pain, vomiting, passing out ignoring fish blood or like meat washes, fever. Early treatment with specific antibiotics is required, but attention should be paid to bacterial antibiotic resistance.
Escherichia Coli (E. Coli): there are 3 strains that can cause invasive diarrhea with painful dysentery syndrome, tenesmus and nasal bloody stools

Including strains: E.


Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer

Coli cause intestinal pathology; E. Coli toxin invades the intestine; E.Coli toxin causing intestinal bleeding.
Yesinia Enterocolica: The source of the disease is water, contaminated food such as milk, vegetables, meat causing gastritis, intestinal or mesenteric lymphadenitis, sometimes with bacteremia. Clinical manifestations: severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever and bloody stools. In children, see arthritis and erythema nodosum.
Campylobacter jejuni: Pathogen is meat and poultry
Incubation for 1 - 3 days.


Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer

Patients with mild fever, loose stool with mucus and blood, abdominal pain, possibly hanging lymphadenitis. Usually resolves and heals after 5 - 8 days.
Diarrhea caused by food poisoning infection
The disease is not only found in poor and underdeveloped countries but also in developed countries with high living standards. Foodborne infections can be divided into two types:
Eat foods that contain bacteria that can potentially enter the intestinal mucosa and cause illness such as Salmonella (S. typhi murium and S. enteritidis). The most common disease. Gastrointestinal disease caused by eating food contaminated with Salmonella.


Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer

Incubation averages 12 - 36 hours after eating.
Sudden onset of fever, epigastric or peritoneal abdominal pain, without straining, frequent diarrhea, rotten stools, plenty of water. Feces sometimes have mucus, blood, almost like bacilli. Severe cases have electrolyte disorders due to dehydration (dry lips, sunken eyes, thirst). If not diagnosed and treated in time, patients may die from cardiovascular failure.
Eating food containing toxins of bacteria has already formed in food and this toxin causes disease (toxins of Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium Perfringens, Clostridium Botulinum, Bacillus cereus and Vibrio Parahaemolyticus). Clinical manifestations with diarrhea several times a day, abdominal pain, no fever, nausea and vomiting. Without timely treatment will lead to dehydration and death.


Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer


Causes by cholera and E.Coli
Cholera: Caused by Vibrio cholerae. Incubation averages 5 days. Clinical manifestations of bowel movements many times / day, stool like rice water, no abdominal pain, no fever. The disease causes epidemics. May be fatal if not properly diagnosed and treated.
E. Coli produces intestinal toxin: causes increased secretion and electrolyte into intestine, no inflammation.


Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer

The source of infection is food and water. Incubation 24 - 72 hours, may have a low fever, watery stools. In developing countries, the prevalence of diarrhea among children is 5 - 30%. Especially the important cause of diarrhea for travelers. It causes mild diarrhea but lasts up to 5 weeks.
The above cases should be distinguished from the following: acute diarrhea caused by Enterovirus or causing small, localized epidemics and mainly among children. Diarrhea caused by parasites. Diarrhea caused by poisoning of chemicals sprayed on vegetables.


Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer


How to manage diarrhea?
Treatment is mainly rehydration and electrolytes, so must accurately assess the status of electrolyte dehydration.
If mild dehydration: Replenish water by drinking while still drinking. Often use oresol. Mix in 1 liter of water. If not, use porridge water, cooled boiled water mixed with salt and sugar just enough (1 teaspoon of salt + 8 teaspoons of sugar + 1 liter of water).
Severe dehydration: when the loss of water is greater than 5% of the body weight or when drinking without results, you must replace water by intravenous infusion. The total 24-hour infusion will include weight loss and normal daily water needs. The infusion is mainly saline, isotonic saline solution.


Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer

If hypokalemia must compensate potassium.
Antibiotics are indicated for patients with signs of infectious diarrhea (leukocytosis in the stool) or patients with immune-compromised lesions, the elderly, children.
Depending on the etiology of appropriate antibiotic use: For bacilli dysentery, Salmonella, E.Coli use quinolone antibiotics such as ciprofl oxacin, ofl oxacin, pefl oxacin. Do not use for children and pregnant women. With Jejuni Campylobacter for Erythromycine in case of infection. With commas, take tetracycline or chloramphenicol or biseptol..


Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer

. Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín

Related news

  • Creating a good habit before going to bed will help you have a more comprehensive health and avoid many risks of diseases, in addition to giving you a deep and comfortable sleep. SucKhoe9.Com introduces some healthy bedtime habits for you. Bedtime habits are good for health ...
  • Body age young or old according to experts can be predicted through what you eat, drink, daily activities. Many people think that when you are young, you do not need to worry about aging problems of your body. Some even say that when you turn the age of "hash", you ...
  • Bad habit of forgetting to wash your hands when going to the kitchen Hand washing is essential in getting started in the kitchen for cooking. Washing your hands not clean or forgetting to wash your hands will have a huge impact on your health. Because then the food can be contaminated, ...
  • For health care and protection, the motto of prevention is better than cure is always correct in all cases, you will have a good health, high resistance, an effective immune system if any. A good sense of prevention is also the foundation for you to constantly improve your quality of life and ...
  • Wisdom penis cancer is a common disease, but its dangers are not small. The quick prevention and early treatment will prevent the disease from spreading and is safe for the health of men. Here's how to prevent and treat penile cancer. How to prevent penile cancer: - Vaccination against HPV type ...
  • Breakfast is essential for everyone, providing energy for activities during the day. Also, overnight, your body needs nutrients and food to work back to normal. Waking up in the morning can be difficult for many people, especially those accustomed to working overtime or working late into the ...
  • While many people are in need of weight loss, there are a large number of women who want to gain weight by all means. When hearing the story "want to gain weight", many women will certainly say: "easy". However, for those who are overweight, how easy this is, for those who ...
  • As humans, we all want to live long, sometimes even want life to be eternal. But we ourselves cannot deny the law of creation. So to live longer, we must first have health. Healthy people will have a long life expectancy. So what must we do to have good health? The following 10 methods will help ...
  • Health is the best valuable thing of human. This is especially true for those who are preparing to build a nest. But how to be in good health when you have to deal with a ton of work? Very simple. (SKDS) - Health is the most precious human capital. This is especially true for those who are ...
  • Summer with hot weather easily makes people feel thirsty and cool ice glasses are always attractive. However, drinking ice on a regular basis is not good for your health and it doesn't really relieve your thirst. So how to get into the habit of drinking water properly in hot season. Drink warm ...