Preventing Agents Of Diarrhea In The Summer
The hot and humid summer climate is favorable for many agents that cause diarrhea to enter the body. The disease is common in places with poor sanitary conditions, contaminated food. The elderly, children are vulnerable subjects, can kidney failure, vascular collapse if not emergency timely.
Diarrhea with manifestations of dysentery syndrome
Bacillus dysentery: The cause is caused by Shigella. Clinical manifestations with symptoms of cramping abdominal pain, vomiting, passing out ignoring fish blood or like meat washes, fever. Early treatment with specific antibiotics is required, but attention should be paid to bacterial antibiotic resistance.
Escherichia Coli (E. Coli): there are 3 strains that can cause invasive diarrhea with painful dysentery syndrome, tenesmus and nasal bloody stools
Coli cause intestinal pathology; E. Coli toxin invades the intestine; E.Coli toxin causing intestinal bleeding.
Yesinia Enterocolica: The source of the disease is water, contaminated food such as milk, vegetables, meat causing gastritis, intestinal or mesenteric lymphadenitis, sometimes with bacteremia. Clinical manifestations: severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever and bloody stools. In children, see arthritis and erythema nodosum.
Campylobacter jejuni: Pathogen is meat and poultry
Patients with mild fever, loose stool with mucus and blood, abdominal pain, possibly hanging lymphadenitis. Usually resolves and heals after 5 - 8 days.
Diarrhea caused by food poisoning infection
The disease is not only found in poor and underdeveloped countries but also in developed countries with high living standards. Foodborne infections can be divided into two types:
Eat foods that contain bacteria that can potentially enter the intestinal mucosa and cause illness such as Salmonella (S. typhi murium and S. enteritidis). The most common disease. Gastrointestinal disease caused by eating food contaminated with Salmonella.
Incubation averages 12 - 36 hours after eating.
Sudden onset of fever, epigastric or peritoneal abdominal pain, without straining, frequent diarrhea, rotten stools, plenty of water. Feces sometimes have mucus, blood, almost like bacilli. Severe cases have electrolyte disorders due to dehydration (dry lips, sunken eyes, thirst). If not diagnosed and treated in time, patients may die from cardiovascular failure.
Eating food containing toxins of bacteria has already formed in food and this toxin causes disease (toxins of Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium Perfringens, Clostridium Botulinum, Bacillus cereus and Vibrio Parahaemolyticus). Clinical manifestations with diarrhea several times a day, abdominal pain, no fever, nausea and vomiting. Without timely treatment will lead to dehydration and death.
Causes by cholera and E.Coli
Cholera: Caused by Vibrio cholerae. Incubation averages 5 days. Clinical manifestations of bowel movements many times / day, stool like rice water, no abdominal pain, no fever. The disease causes epidemics. May be fatal if not properly diagnosed and treated.
E. Coli produces intestinal toxin: causes increased secretion and electrolyte into intestine, no inflammation.
The source of infection is food and water. Incubation 24 - 72 hours, may have a low fever, watery stools. In developing countries, the prevalence of diarrhea among children is 5 - 30%. Especially the important cause of diarrhea for travelers. It causes mild diarrhea but lasts up to 5 weeks.
The above cases should be distinguished from the following: acute diarrhea caused by Enterovirus or causing small, localized epidemics and mainly among children. Diarrhea caused by parasites. Diarrhea caused by poisoning of chemicals sprayed on vegetables.
How to manage diarrhea?
Treatment is mainly rehydration and electrolytes, so must accurately assess the status of electrolyte dehydration.
If mild dehydration: Replenish water by drinking while still drinking. Often use oresol. Mix in 1 liter of water. If not, use porridge water, cooled boiled water mixed with salt and sugar just enough (1 teaspoon of salt + 8 teaspoons of sugar + 1 liter of water).
Severe dehydration: when the loss of water is greater than 5% of the body weight or when drinking without results, you must replace water by intravenous infusion. The total 24-hour infusion will include weight loss and normal daily water needs. The infusion is mainly saline, isotonic saline solution.
If hypokalemia must compensate potassium.
Antibiotics are indicated for patients with signs of infectious diarrhea (leukocytosis in the stool) or patients with immune-compromised lesions, the elderly, children.
Depending on the etiology of appropriate antibiotic use: For bacilli dysentery, Salmonella, E.Coli use quinolone antibiotics such as ciprofl oxacin, ofl oxacin, pefl oxacin. Do not use for children and pregnant women. With Jejuni Campylobacter for Erythromycine in case of infection. With commas, take tetracycline or chloramphenicol or biseptol..
. Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
- The World Health Organization has warned of an antibiotic crisis, meaning that antibiotics will become more and more useless due to drug-resistant bacteria. We could soon run out of all new antibiotics and start dying from infections that we learned to treat 100 years ago. The catastrophe could be ...According to Assoc. Dr. Tran Dac Phu, complicated changes of pathogens caused by viruses and bacteria are the cause of many diseases (especially in the summer) in many countries, including Vietnam. Mr. Phu shared, besides the diseases that have been eliminated, such as smallpox, polio, neonatal ...According to Assoc. On the one hand, acknowledging the results achieved in the prevention of epidemics in Vietnam over the past time, Mr. Tran Dac Phu still expressed his concern about the constant change of viruses and bacteria, especially in summer time. Hot weather combined with other factors ...Avoid going outdoors when the sun is hot in the middle of the day, trying to drink enough water with little other feeling, wear anti-glare glasses ... are things the elderly should pay attention to during the dry season to limit the risk of stroke. Lan Lan () Lan Lan () According to the search key: ...80% of the population suffers from life back problems, low back pain is the most common cause of disability in the world. Le Nguyen (Theo Visually) According to theNew US research shows that divorced people are at a higher risk of heart attack than groups of the same age who are maintaining marriage. Photo: BBC. The study, published in the journal Circulation, argues that the chronic stress caused by divorce has long-term effects on a person's overall health. ...Passive smoking increases the risk of gum disease by 62%, according to new research by the University of North Carolina scientists. The above results are drawn after analyzing the medical records of more than 3,000 non-smokers aged 20. Volunteers are given oral examination and blood samples are ...Scientists have taken breathing air samples from hundreds of patients to analyze the chemical integration, helping to detect the potential risk of stomach cancer. Stomach cancer can be detected early through the breath. Photo: BBC. According to the BBC, stomach cancer affects about 7,300 people in ...Avoid spicy and sour foods until the sores heal. You can rinse your mouth with warm, thin salt water 2 times a day. An oral ulcer can be a manifestation of many diseases such as canker sores (often referred to as canker sores), ulcers caused by the herpes virus, ulcers caused by bacteria that cause ...Sunstroke, boils, diarrhea, malaria ... are children's diseases that can be encountered in the summer and you can completely help prevent them in a number of simple and effective ways. Sun stroke Summer can be great for kids because it's not learning and just having fun makes them excited. Children ...