Prevention Of Osteoarthritis In The Elderly

Elderly people often suffer from osteoarthritis, of which degenerative joint disease (THK) is the most common. When having OA without early detection for treatment, it is easy to lead to deformed joints, limiting movement, sometimes stiffening joints.
The cause of THK
OA is a phenomenon of damaged joints (fibrosis, deformation, calcification ...) can be due to many different causes but there are two main types of causes:
Primary cause: is a common cause in elderly people. The older you get, the stronger the aging of your organs, including your joints. There are many favorable factors encountered in the elderly with osteoarthritis such as obesity, hereditary, with minor injuries but often in joints


Secondary causes: occur after rheumatoid arthritis, infectious arthritis (caused by tuberculosis, mycoplasma, gonorrhea .


Prevention Of Osteoarthritis In The Elderly

..).
Some cases due to a history of strong joint injuries such as: falling, labor accident, accident in playing sports (football, volleyball ...)

In addition, people also mention that the cause of autoimmune also has a role in OA in the elderly.


Prevention Of Osteoarthritis In The Elderly


It is thought that people over 40 years of age who have OA probably have some degree of autoimmune factors, as in rheumatoid arthritis, autoantibodies of the large globulin type are found. IgM type is highly specific.
The main symptom
Degenerative joint pain is a symptom that is always present, for example when knee pain is degenerated, pain can make walking very difficult and limited in movement.
In lumbar spondylosis, when bending, standing up, turning ... are both painful, sometimes due to pinched nerves causing pain along the foot.
Joint pain usually in the morning lasts about half an hour, appears a few degenerated individual joints, the pain is not symmetrical.


Prevention Of Osteoarthritis In The Elderly

Usually, pain in OA is not accompanied by signs of inflammation such as: swelling, heat, redness.
Stiffness is most common in the early morning, when waking up makes it difficult to stretch, stretch or walk. Stiffness due to THK only lasts a short time (rarely more than 15 minutes).
In addition to the typical symptoms mentioned above, the diagnosis of OA should also be taken with X-ray, magnetic resonance to know the condition of the joints such as: cleft joints, edge of thorns, bone of articular lumbar cartilage and other signs, but in new cases of OA, these signs may not appear.
What should I do when I have been THK?
If there is a lot of pain that needs pain relief, the first action should be a cold compress (use a cool washcloth), then a hot compress (use a hot, soaked towel, if possible, soak in a bath with warm water) people warm up, then wipe dry and get dressed).
If you do not have the conditions or do not want to apply cold, hot compresses, you can rub, massage gently and then use oil (for example, wind oil), cream (typ deefheat cream) rub on joints to warm up.
If there is a phenomenon of stiffness, it is necessary to practice contraction, stretching (knee joints, ankles), gently twisting (lumbar spine, lumbar joints), turning the neck to the right, to the left gently (the vertebrae neck).
If the above-mentioned movements are performed steadily but do not see remission or remission but are very slow, you should see a doctor for prescription and further counseling, absolutely do not automatically buy medicine to drink or injections because the drugs used in the treatment of OA should be fully understood the main mechanism of action and especially the side effects.


Prevention Of Osteoarthritis In The Elderly


Prevention of OA
To limit OA, the elderly should have a reasonable living regime (eating, drinking, walking, exercising ...) depending on the conditions of each person.
To prevent the phenomenon of OA from happening at the age of over 40 years old, there should be a daily activity regime and gentle, regular exercise such as playing sports, walking, swimming ... restricting heavy lifting, doing activities Excessive work.


Prevention Of Osteoarthritis In The Elderly


When there is a suspicious phenomenon about joints should see a doctor immediately for full advice. You should see your doctor regularly to know your health status and how to prevent it. For the elderly, it is also necessary to do gentle exercises depending on their own strength and circumstances.
Need to practice joints such as rotation, massage, walking indoors, in the yard, in the lane (when climbing up and down stairs must be very careful, especially the elderly, weak health should not up and down stairs because of easy tripping is very dangerous).
Walking is a popular form of exercise, but it should not go too far and take time to cause fatigue, sometimes counterproductive..

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