Proper Baby Care
Babies from birth to 30 days are called newborns. Babies born full term when gestational age from 37 weeks to 41 weeks.
Full-term newborns have birth weight of over 2.5 kg, the average length of the baby is 48 - 50cm. In order for children to be healthy, village health workers need to guide parents on methods of caring for children right from birth.
Ensuring good environmental conditions for children
In the mother's womb, the child's body temperature is always stable but right after birth, the child has lost heat due to the lower ambient temperature. Therefore, babies need to be kept warm. Children room must be warm (28 - 30oC), airy, no drafts
Mother and baby should sunbathe early in the morning about 15-20 minutes a day.
Sunbathing not only helps children have vitamin D to absorb calcium well in milk, but also helps to quickly reduce jaundice.
Tools used for children such as spoons, cups, bottles ... must be washed thoroughly, boiled boiling water before use to ensure hygiene. Diapers, clothes, hats, gloves .
of children need to be washed in the sun.
Skin and navel care
Newborn babies often have physiological jaundice phenomenon. Jaundice (with yellow urine) begins to appear on the 2nd and 3rd days after birth, peaking on the 3rd and 4th day, then declines.
The layer of "causing" covering the skin of the baby during the first day of birth plays a role in keeping heat and protecting the baby's skin. Therefore, do not clean the substance "causing" on baby's skin right after birth.
From day 2 onwards, this layer of "causing" is a very favorable environment for skin infections. Therefore, after being born for 24-48 hours, every day children must be bathed clean.
Note, when the baby's navel is not shedding, the bath to avoid getting wet the navel and after bathing, the sterile umbilical bandage should be replaced for the child.
The baby's umbilical cord must be looked after carefully from birth to umbilical. The umbilical bandage should not be used because the umbilical bandage will create a good environment for the bacteria to cause umbilical cord infection and delayed cord loss.
Leaving the umbilical cord open after care, wrap the diaper under the navel, the umbilical cord will quickly dry, quickly shed, with less infection. The umbilical cord will fall naturally after 7-15 days. The newly-lost umbilical cord must be kept clean and dry until scarred.
Nutrition for mothers and babies
Children should lie with their mothers and breastfeed as soon as possible. Within 30 minutes after birth should breastfeed to make use of colostrum and antibacterial substances. Breastfeeding properly will help mothers to make more milk for their babies.
The mother holds the baby so that the baby's head and body are in line, the baby's belly is close to the womb, the baby's nose is facing the mother's breast, the baby's hand is lifted, the baby's head, shoulders and buttocks.
Babies need to be fed several times a day (at least 8 times), to feed all night. The mother should breastfeed both the first and last milk, not leaving the milk in her breasts; suckle both sides, suck on one side then switch to the other side, next time change side
Most babies breastfeed or vomit after feeding. To reduce vomiting, after feeding, hold the baby to stand for 5-10 minutes, until the baby has burp, then lie down. When the baby is finished feeding, avoid changing diapers or clothes because it is easier for the baby to vomit.
Currently, it is still common for women to eat rice with salt and pepper, braised meat with meat, abstain from soup, vegetables and fruits.
This makes it difficult for the mother to eat, lack energy, fatigue, constipation, and calcium deficiency, while the mother's body needs nutrition to compensate for the energy lost due to childbirth and breastfeeding.
Therefore, mothers must eat all ingredients of meat, fish, eggs, vegetables, fruits and drink extra milk, drink plenty of water, a reasonable rest regime.
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