Rectal Prolapse And What To Know
Rectal prolapse is a common condition involving rectal anus. The disease not only affects health but also causes many troubles for daily life of patients. Let's find out related information to know how to prevent and treat rectal prolapse effectively.
What is rectal prolapse?
Rectal prolapse is a condition in which part or all of the rectum (the passage between the colon and anus) is disconnected normally.
Rectal prolapse is a benign disease, not too hazardous to health but gay, inconvenient for the daily life of patients. The prolapsed mass may become trapped outside causing an anal blockage and a risk of necrosis.
The disease is caused by many causes and has many different levels of progression, so it also requires different treatments to suit each patient. Rectal prolapse consists of two main types: mucosal prolapse and full prolapse
Normally, the lining of the anus will turn upside down to make it easier for the stool to pass out at every bowel movement.
After that, they shrink completely thanks to their elasticity. For people with rectal prolapse, the tissues of the rectum are stretched and stretched regularly, they not only flipped over and over, but also couldn't flex back to normal.
Rectal prolapse is a common condition and is easily confused with hemorrhoids
Initially, only the part of the anal canal mucosa is sa. Gradually will spread and prolapse the entire mucosa of the rectum. The degree of desertification is divided into 4 types:
Desert mucosa when pushing and then shrinking itself after defecation
After pushing and not shrinking, it must be pushed up to a normal state
Sa defecation and sa when operating such as walking, coughing, sneezing, squatting
Sa often does not need to operate
This is a severe condition of rectal prolapse. For normal rectal prolapse, only the rectal ball is prolapsed and the anal canal remains the same, but the whole prolapse is when both the rectal ball and the anal canal are flipped outwards.
Complete rectal prolapse consists of 4 levels:
Grade 1: Rectal prolapse only when straining or when exertion strength and then self-contraction
Grade 2: Rectal prolapse when straining and shrinking very slowly after that, so you have to push your hand in. At the same time, at this time the mucosa has symptoms of edema, the anus is concave.
Grade 3: Rectal prolapse when only light exertion as coughing, walking and unable to shrink on its own. At this time, the mucosa of the rectum has been necrotic in small groups, the anus lost its muscle tightening, the mucosa bleed and defecation defecated.
Grade 4: Rectal prolapse often even when the patient is not active. The mucosa has necrotic ulcer, muscle atony, unable to hold urine, incontinence defecation ...
At this time, the patient has an anal sensory disorder, mental tension, can pustules at the bottom Anal pain is very uncomfortable.
Causes of rectal prolapse
There are many causes of rectal prolapse and it is very difficult to identify the main cause. In particular, there are 3 groups of common causes, including:
Frequent diarrhea also increases the risk of rectal prolapse
Defective perineum: Perineal diaphragm is wide, pelvic scales are not well developed, anal lifting muscles and anal sphincter muscles are loose, making the anterior wall of the rectum more likely to fall out.
The rectum is not sticky to the abdominal wall so it is easy to move, slide down and then fall out.
Lack of curvature of the sacrum: In normal people, the sacrum is curved and the rectum is attached to this curvature. If the sacrum does not curve, the rectum loses its fulcrum and becomes prone to prolapse.
An underdeveloped rectal valve reduces resistance and makes the rectum more likely to fall.
Low Douglas bag is the cause of anterior rectal prolapse.
The angular folding of the rectum ball with the anal canal is not sufficient.
Cause of living
Children with malnutrition and vitamin B deficiency are susceptible to rectal prolapse. However, if nourished well in the later stages, the disease may go away on its own.
Potty for children causes babies to defecate even when they are not needed, pushing too much which causes rectal prolapse
Constipation often leads to more strain each time the bowel movement causes abdominal pressure and rectal prolapse.
People with diarrhea every day to defecate many times and every time they have to push also make the rectum prolapsed.
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