Scoliosis In Students: How To Prevent It?
Scoliosis is an abnormal curve in the spine, causing pain and greatly affecting living activities. So the causes and treatments for scoliosis curvature like, let's find out offline.
What is scoliosis?
The spine is not entirely upright, but has some physiological curvature in the vertical symmetry plane. In an upright position, if viewed from the front, the spine is a straight line, if viewed from left to right (or right to left), the spine has two forward bends, the neck and the waist (lordosis). ), the two backward curved segments are the back and the - amputation (kyphosis). The process of forming spinal curves takes place after birth.
Scoliosis is a condition where the spine or spine is abnormally bent. People with scoliosis develop additional curves on either side of the body and the spine is twisted together, forming a C-shaped or S-shaped curve
Scoliosis is twice as common in girls as for boys and occurs mainly in people over 10 years of age.
Causes of scoliosis
Scoliosis affects about 2% of females and 0.5% of males. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown (known as idiopathic) accounting for up to 80% of scoliosis patients.
Scoliosis can be divided into 3 types:
Unstructured scoliosis: The scoliosis is scoliosis but does not alter the structure and rotate the vertebrae. The reason is that the length of one leg is shorter than the other, the habit of sitting, carrying heavy loads causes uneven weight or muscle spasms in the back.
Neuromuscular: Due to problems when the spine is formed
This type of congenital scoliosis develops in people with disorders such as birth defects, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy or Marfan syndrome (an inherited connective tissue disease). People with these diseases often develop a long C-shaped curve and have weak muscles that can't keep them straight up.
Degeneration: Unlike other forms of scoliosis found in children and adolescents, degenerative scoliosis occurs in older adults. This is caused by changes in the spine due to arthritis that weakens normal ligaments and other soft tissues of the spine combined with abnormal bone spines that can lead to a bent spine. The spine can also be affected by osteoporosis, vertebral fractures and intervertebral disc degeneration.
There are other potential causes of scoliosis, including spinal tumors like osteoarthritis. This is a benign tumor that can occur in the spine and cause pain, which causes people to lean to the opposite side to reduce the amount of pressure on the tumor. This can lead to a spine deformity.
In addition, researchers believe that inherited (inherited), muscle disorders and / or abnormal fibrillin metabolism may play a role in contributing or contributing to the development of scoliosis.
What are the risk factors for scoliosis?
Risk factors for scoliosis include:
Age: Signs and symptoms usually begin during the period of growth that occurs just before puberty.
Gender: Although both boys and girls have mild scoliosis at the same rate, girls are at a higher risk of worsening curves and requiring treatment.
Family history: Scoliosis can be inherited in families.
The curvature changes of the spine usually occur very slowly so it is easy to be missed until it becomes a more serious physical deformation.
Scoliosis causes the head to bend forward or to one side, one hip or shoulder is higher than the opposite.
If the scoliosis is more serious, it can make it more difficult for the heart and lungs to function normally. This can cause breathlessness and chest pain.
In most cases, scoliosis is painless, but there are several types of scoliosis that can cause back pain, rib pain, neck pain, muscle spasms and abdominal pain.
Diagnostic method for scoliosis
The doctor will look at the curve of the spine from the sides, front and back. Patients will be asked to undress from the waist up to better see any abnormal curves, physical deformities, or irregular waistlines.
The person will also be asked to bend over to try to touch their toes. This position can make the curve clearer. The doctor will also look at the symmetry of the body to see if the hips and shoulders are the same height, tilted to one side, if there is a horizontal curvature.
The position taken from the front in a standing position to measure the alignment, curvature and balance of the spine, pelvis and hip segments.
Scoliosis looking through X-rays
Take MRT or CT scan
If your doctor finds any changes in nerve function, you may be asked to have other imaging tests on your spine including an MRI or CT scan to get a closer look at the procedure.
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