Signs Of Congenital Early Hypertrophy
Congenital aneurysm is a rare birth defect. Colonic hypertrophy is easy to detect and can be treated thoroughly, but if left late, the disease can cause very dangerous complications.
Colonic hypertrophy is a phenomenon in which the colon is dilated to reduce peristalsis; Meanwhile, the intestine has more time to reabsorb water so the stool is dry, defecation appears some abnormalities, especially chronic constipation.
Concept of congenital aneurysm
Congenital aneurysm is a condition where the colon is dilated due to the lack of nerve cells in the large intestine's muscles in children, leading to obstruction of the colon. The intestine behind the obstruction bulges, resulting in abdominal distention and abnormal bowel movements of the child.
Congenital colonic hypertrophy also has other names such as Hirschsprung's disease, congenital lymphadenopathy. It is a congenital disease that affects about 1 in 4,000 - 1 in 5,000 newborns. Boys are more sick than girls, with a male / female ratio of 4/1 - 9/1
A congenital aneurysm is a dilated colon in a child, which can lead to obstruction of the large intestine
Classification of congenital aneurysm
Based on the length of the affected intestine, it is divided into 4 congenital aneurysms:
Short type: affects only the rectum.
Moderate type (about 80% of cases): affects both rectum and sigmoid colon.
Long type: affects from the rectum to the intestinal passage located above the colon-, a.
Full type: affects the entire colon.
Congenital colic manifestations
The symptoms of the disease are easy to recognize at each stage of the child as follows:
Newborn babies have a distended abdomen, do not have a bowel movement after more than 24 hours, or just defecate while using a catheter inserted into the anus. When the anus is stimulated, the child produces a lot of stool, which looks like removing a plug in the drain and is called a "drain drain" sign. In addition, due to abdominal distension, children vomit a lot
In older children, the disease is often manifested by constipation lasting for years alternating with episodes of diarrhea characterized by very rotten stool and black (due to stagnant stools) and abdominal distention.
Accompanied by, the child is always in malnutrition, mental and physical retardation.
Children with hypertrophy often have characteristic signs such as constipation, many children do not defecate on their own, but have frequent indentation, abdominal distention, thinning, poor appetite, malnourished children.
However, it should be noted, not any child after 24 hours of defecation is congenital aneurysm, because the child has a congenital anomalous deformity and defecation. But in any case, children need surgery and early treatment.
In older children, the disease is often manifested by persistent constipation
Causes congenital aneurysm
During pregnancy, the baby's gastrointestinal tract is not fully developed, the absence of ganglion cells in the nerve plexus between the two muscular layers of the anal canal is the main cause of the loss of automatic peristalsis. of the intestinal muscles, preventing the child's intestine from contracting normally and defecation.
Spasm of the intestinal muscle helps digest food and fluids that move in the gut. This spasm is called a bowel movement, the nerves between the muscle layers cause contractions.
In congenital aneurysm, nerves are missing in the intestine. The intestine without nerves will not be able to push stool through, which causes a blockage. The intestinal area behind the obstruction bulges, resulting in abdominal distention.
There are also factors that increase the risk of inherited genetic aneurysms, such as:
Direct genetic factors: Congenital aneurysm can be inherited. If in one family if one child is sick, the other child is also at high risk for future illness.
Gender of the child: Congenital aneurysm is more common in boys.
There are other genetic conditions. Congenital aneurysm is associated with a number of inherited conditions, such as Down syndrome and other abnormal birth defects, such as congenital heart disease.
Complications of congenital aneurysm
When congenital aneurysm is congenital, the child may have more combined malformations such as down syndrome, cardiovascular syndrome, neurological malformations, gastrointestinal and anal malformations ... Depending on the severity of the disease Manifestations at different ages. otherwise it will cause complications such as delayed growth, mental retardation and also dangerous complications such as severe enteritis and intestinal obstruction.
Congenital aneurysm makes children eat poorly, which leads to malnutrition, mental and physical development in children.
In addition, the disease also has dangerous complications such as: Causing repeated intestinal inflammation, intestinal obstruction, even perforation.
Therefore, children need to be diagnosed and treated in time to reduce the risks from congenital aneurysm.
Treatment of congenital aneurysm. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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